were the Nazis' first victims, ruthlessly repressed. Members
of the Communist Party who escaped the initial wave of
arrests immediately established an illegal underground
organization to carry on their political struggle against
Hitler. Commanded by senior party officials from exile in
the Soviet Union, an effective courier systems kept each
local Communist group in communication with the leadership.
Communist Parties outside Germany collected money from their
members to pay the expenses of their German comrades,
particularly the cost of couriers.
American Communist's membership book includes both
unemployed dues stamps and solidarity assessment stamps.
Red 2-cent assessment stamps are receipts for each month's
payment to support the illegal anti-Nazi activities of the
German Communist Party. next >>