Moritz Schoenberger sitting in front of some of his
artwork in the Les Milles internment camp.
Red Cross letter
sent from Ludwig Cohn, a Jewish prisoner in the Les
Milles internment camp, to his sister Ilse Cohn in
The Camp des Milles
was a French internment camp, opened in September
1939, in a former tile factory near the village of
Les Milles, part of the commune of Aix-en-Provence.
Between 1941 and
1942 Le Camp des Milles was used as a transit camp
for Jews, mainly men. Women were at the Centre
Bompard in Marseille, while they waited for their
visa and authorizations to emigrate. As emigration
became impossible, Les Milles became one of the
centres de rassemblement before deportation.
About 2,000 of the inmates were shipped off to the
Drancy internment camp on the way to Auschwitz.
The camp was first
used to intern Germans and ex-Austrians living in
the Marseille area, and by June 1940, some 3,500
artists and intellectuals were detained there.
Inmates included men of letters such as Leon
Feuchtwanger (photo, bottom left), a Yiddish
novelist and playwright.
Schoenberger (third from right) with
other Jewish inmates in Les Milles concentration
Building which served as a concentration camp at
Camp des Milles. Photo from Wikipedia, taken in
(1884-1958), German-Jewish novelist, playwright,
essayist, during his internment in the Les Milles
Les Milles, France, 1940.
Jewish prisoners celebrate the holiday of Hoshanah
in a Sukkah in the Les Milles transit camp.