SPECIAL ADVICE TO THE IMMIGRANT.
BEWARE of swindling expressmen, cabmen, guides, agents
of steamships and hotels, solicitors, porters, men who say they are
journalists or lawyers. BEWARE of loan sharks and usurers.
BEWARE OF NOTARIES-- The duty of a notary in the United
States is almost confined to that of witnessing signatures to legal
documents. It requires no legal education whatever. Many notaries are
ignorant men, and do not know how to draw up the documents that pass
through their offices to be witnessed.
BEWARE of people whose friendship is too easily made.
Swindlers abound on ship and ashore. Do not trust strangers who offer to
change your money for you, to buy your ticket, or to put your property
together with theirs. Appearances are often deceptive. Do not carry your
money with you. Deposit it in a savings bank. Trust none of those who
crowd around you on your first arrival, and declare themselves your
protectors, friends. Those who call themselves bankers are often
adventurers. Ask in New York how many Jews have lost money in such ways.
GIRLS AND YOUNG WOMEN SHOULD BEWARE of strange men who
offer them well-paid positions
or who propose marriage to them. They should know the character and
position of men who insist upon having money as a condition of marriage.
Such men are often swindlers, take the money and disappear.
MOTHERS! The home should be made a happy place to which
the young people will bring their friends. Encourage your daughter to
introduce to you all her men friends. Win her confidence by sympathy with
her desire for proper amusement and pretty clothes. Do not prevent her
attending dances held in respectable halls, but insist upon her returning
home early. Be sure you know the conditions of your daughter's employment.
See that it is suited to her ability and taste. Do not take your children
to Court for commitment to an institution. Learn English so that you may
understand American customs and be more helpful to your children.
BE CAREFUL in making and accepting change until you
know good money from counterfeit, and until you can count American money
BEWARE of mining companies and real estate agents that
advertise in the newspapers.
Never buy steamship tickets. on the installment plan.
Workmen should not invent in speculative enterprises.
They should put their money in a savings bank. A workingman's money is
precious. It has been earned by the sweat of his brow.
Once again I say: If you are ill never go to a medical
institute, and do not trust doctors whom you do not see. If you have an
accident happen to you while you are at work, go at once to find an honest
Be particular about your appearance. Look out for your
personal cleanliness and that of your family. Dress well and eat better.
A Jew, like any other foreigner, is appreciated when he
lives the American social life. Until then he counts for nothing. Try to
adapt yourself to the manners, and customs, and habits of the American
people. Have your name placed on the roll of the league or union of your
trade. Labor unions are a necessity for most kinds of labor, yet each man
has the right to decide for himself whether he shall join the union.
Give up all prejudices, and remember that all workmen
are brothers, it matters not in what nation of the world they were born.
So, indeed, are all men brothers. When their interests are opposed, reason
better than passion will secure justice.
Become an American citizen as soon as you can. It is an
excellent thing for a Jew to join a military company, a regiment of the
National Guard. There is no conscription in the United States. Military
service is entirely voluntary, and is for a short term. Its duties are
chiefly confined to the evenings, cost little and take little time.
Membership gives social advantages, and the opportunity of healthful
exercise in athletic games and drills is very important to a man who lives
in a great city. This service also makes the Jew better understood and
appreciated by Americans.
Be proud of your race, your birth and your family, a
Jew is all the better an American for being a good Jew. Never change your
name except when absolutely necessary to simplify it for English
pronunciation. When you do change your name, be sure you have proper legal
authority for doing so.
The immigrant's best chance is not in New York. It is
in the interior. And not until you know the interior can you know much of
true American democracy and the political success of the Republic. Do not
judge America by conditions in New York City. Wait and know before
judging. Then become a citizen and help us make conditions better.
Thus you will be respected, welcomed in America.
America is called "The Land of Freedom." That means that a man here is
free to worship God as he pleases, but he must respect the right of others
to worship God as they please. He is free to earn his living in the way he
likes best, but not in a way that will hurt other people's health, comfort
or morals, and not in a way that will prevent them from earning their
living as they like best. He is free to have and to use property, but not
in such a way as to interfere with equally free use by others of their
property. He is free to be happy, but not to interfere with the happiness
American Freedom gives us precious rights for which
humanity has been struggling through the centuries. But only those are
worthy of those rights, who realize that it imposes upon us equally great
duties. That is what American Democracy means: Duties with Rights! And the
first duty of American citizenship is obedience to the law.