The Cemetery Project

Y Holocaust Memorials Y








Before the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, five Jewish families lived in Bogdanovka, then a village of 1,000 people 150 miles southwest of the capital, Minsk.

This memorial is dedicated to six men known to have been shot (two blacksmiths, two farmers, a trader and a rabbi) on Aug. 2, 1941.




"In memory of the victims of Fascism. Here are buried 961 peaceful Soviet citizens of the town of Bobr, brutally shot..."

This obelisk was erected in 1959 as a memorial to some 961 Jewish residents of Bobr murdered by the Nazis on 10 Oct 1941.

The November testimony shows Nazi  commanders ordering troops to throw burning straw into houses and hand grenades into ovens...



"To the everlasting memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.
Here, in 1941, 380 Jews from this area were brutally murdered."



Translation of Hebrew:

"In memory of tens of thousands of holy victims from the Jewish community of Brisk and the vicinity who were killed and buried alive by the Nazis. May their name be erased, and in their memory during the time of the Shoah, and their heroism.
May their memory be blessed."

Translation of Byelorussian:

"To the memory of the 34,000 Jews, prisoners of he ghetto of Brest and its surroundings, innocent victims of the Nazism during the years of the Great Patriotic war. VI 1941-XI 1942."


The Russian text on the manuscript euphemistically referring to "citizens" says:
"Here rest the remains of more than 2000 Soviet citizens,
shot in Cherven by the
Fascist-German barbarians
on 2 February 1942.".

Below there is a date, presumably when the stone was erected, which is illegible but appears to be in the 1950s.



"The Jewish men of David-Gorodok were murdered the same day as the Jewish men of Rubel' (cf.), and by locals with police supervision. "



Survivors and their family members visit the memorial of those who perished in 1942 (most were killed and buried in the spot of the memorial.)
Memorial inscription:
"In memory of the Dolhinov Jews massacred by the Nazis and their collaborators during the Holocaust in March-May 1942. We will never forget.
Memorial date July 2003."

This plaque assigns the responsibility for caretaking to a local school by the Belarus
Ministry of Education.


  Memorial dedication ceremony 1999.
Present were the Mayor of Druya,
the Israeli Ambassador in Belarus,
Meir Levitanus, and Jacov Perri.



"Here in the year 1942
54 Jews from Dvorets
were brutally murdered.
To the everlasting memory of
the victims of the Holocaust."



This memorial tombstone was erected by survivor Fruma Lifshitz in the 1990s near the site where 900 Horodok Jews were slaughtered in the summer of 1942. The plate on the left side (written in Hebrew) is dedicated to Yakov Lifshitz
and to his and Fruma's daughters
Shoshanele and Hayele.


Memorial stone
"To the memory of the 900 martyrs of our town Horodok and surroundings that were slaughtered and burned by theNazi murderers 26 Tamuz 1942.
May their souls be bound up
in the bonds of eternal life."
Smaller plaque says: "The erection of this stone was organized by
Fruma Schulman Lifshitz Gafnowitz
in memory of my parents Alter and Feiga Hinda, my brother Henekh Israel and Brakha,my husband Yakov Lifshitz and my daughters Shoshanale and Khayale, my sister Hinda Berman and her sons
  Shalom, Sheikh, (?)and Haim. May their memory be blessed.
  26 Tamuz 1998"


"Here 2,000 people were killed."



Just outside the town limits on the road to Volozhin is a memorial to the Jews who were killed by the Nazis in 1942.  The memorial information was provided courtesy of Joseph Rubinstein who visited Ivenets in 1997.

The memorial
was erected by the Israeli government with the help of the Ivenetser societies in Israel and New York. 

The stone is engraved with a message in
both Hebrew and Byelorussian. 

In paraphrase it says that 800 Jews from Ivenets, Derevna, Glubokoye, Rubezhevichi, Volma and  Kamen were murdered by the
hands of German Nazis on June 9, 1942. 




Memorial Stone
"To the memory of the martyrs  of our town Krasne and surroundings who were slaughtered and burned alive by the Nazi murderers on 12 Adar B 1943. May their soul be bound up in the bond of eternal life.
   Former inhabitants of Krasna and surroundings."


Krasne had a work camp. Many Jews from other shtetls perished in Krasne on 19 March 1943.



1998 memorial.


The memorial at the place where the Nazis shot the Jews from Kurenets.

"Here lies 1,040 peaceful inhabitants of Jewish nationality of the shtetl Kurenets, tortured to death bestially by the fascist invaders 9.09..."


This memorial is within the boundary of the Kurenets Jewish cemetery.

Although not a Holocaust memorial, per se, the stone on the right in the center of the village, across from where the Jewish market used to be and in the center of where many Jewish homes once stood, is a stone on the right that was from a synagogue in Kurenets. There is no inscription.



This memorial mentions the five thousand sanctified Jews murdered by the German fascists.

"Blessed memory forever for the five- thousand Jews who perished at the hands of the mortal enemy of the mankind – German fascist villains.
2 March 1942"

The Minsk Hollow (pronounced 'iama,') is on the site of the former Minsk ghetto, where on the 2nd of March 1942 some 5000 Jewish ghetto prisoners were killed.
'Hollow' is the 'popular' name, Minsk ghetto is official name.
The date of the last pogrom in the 'Minsk ghetto' is September 1942.
The first obelisk to commemorate the ghetto destruction was laid in 1947,
but it was in
a poor state.

This stone was laid in memory of 993 children, women and men who on the 10th of November 1941
were brought as sheep to slaughter
and were sent from Düsseldorf to the Minsk ghetto.
Most of them were slaughtered by the
Nazi beast and only a small number survived
as a brand saved from the fire."

Center stone inscription:
"On 8 and 18 Nov 1941 following the order of the Nazi State, more than 1350 Jews were deported from Hamburg to the Minsk ghetto.  Most of them were killed already in 1942; eight men remained alive. Grieving citizens...1993

Left stone inscription:
for the future
1941 the German assault on the Soviet Union.
The deportation of the Bremen Jews to the death camp of Minsk.
We pray for the victims.
Bremen 1991 Minsk
1991/1992 laid at the Bremen main railroad station and also at the former Minsk ghetto, Sukhaya street. Here installed for eternal stay, in 2002."

Jewish ghetto memorial

Here start the steps down to the "Hollow."

"A bright everlasting memorial for the five thousand Jewish martyrs who were murdered by the bloody hands of enemies of mankind, the Fascists-German
murderers and hangmen."



This street is named after one of the organizers of the Minsk anti-fascist underground, the secretary of the regional underground organization on the territory of the Minsk Ghetto during the years of the Great Patriotic War [this was and is the official name of this war in USSR and Russia, Michail L'vovich Gebelev.)


"Path of world's righteous people.
To the honor of the Belarus inhabitants who have been saving the Jews in the years of the fascist occupation 1941-1944."








First of two Narach cemeteries.

Second of two
Narach cemeteries.



Memorial at the village of Kozliekovich in or near Pinsk,
where ca. 3000 Pinsk Jews
were murdered on August 7, 1941.

The Karlin cemetery memorial in Pinsk,
where the last remnants of Pinsk,
from the "small ghetto" were murdered
on Dec. 23, 1942.

Not the best design for a memorial with such a significant meaning,
but here it is, standing outside of Pinsk in Dobrovolia.

The memorial is located at the site of the murder of 18,000 Jews.



This is the Posenitz memorial, located in a village just outside of Pinsk, where some 8,000 Jewish men were murdered on 5 August 1941, right after the German occupation of July 4 of that year.



The Jewish men and male youths of Rubel' were murdered August 17, 1941, with the women and children who had been forced into the Stolin ghetto, where they would be murdered in the forest at Stasino a year later.



A memorial to the Jews of Slonim who perished in the Holocaust.

Gate of the Slonim Jewish Cemetery.

Memorial stones have been erected at the site of the former cemetery, now an open field.

10 Aug 1942

These stones are
dedicated to those Jews who were murdered from Slonim and the surrounding communities during World War II.

21 Sep 1942



Smolyarka is a small village located in the Berezovsky district near Brest.

"To the everlasting memory of the victims of the Holocaust.
About 3000 Jews of Berioza Ghetto were murdered here in October of 1942."







Memorial in Stolin, Belarus, showing the killing field in the background.





"Here in the year 1941
37 Jews from Vishnevo
were brutally murdered.
To the everlasting memory of
the victims of the Holocaust."



  "Volozhyn Martyrs Memorial, on the ancient graveyard's hill top, overlooking cemetery ruins, 6 brother graves, and the 2000 Jews, May 1941, second mass slaughter site.
Erected 2000."
This memorial was erected by landsman
Moshe Porat Perlman.



List of partisans of
Yanov, Belarus.


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