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  ERC > LEXICON OF THE YIDDISH THEATRE  >  VOLUME 5  >  MARK LEIPTSIKER


Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre
BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE WHO WERE ONCE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE;
aS FEATURED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S  "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"


VOLUME 5: THE KDOYSHIM (MARTYRS) EDITION, 1967, Mexico City

 

Mark Leiptsiker


 

Born on 27 September 1897 in Warsaw, Poland into a Chasidic family. Learned in cheders, yeshivas, etc. With difficulty he was permitted to take up his studies, as well as with a teacher. Through his cousin, the actor Khaim Grinshpan, he became familiar with Yiddish theatre and moreover had an inclination for it. He participated in a dramatic circle with Warsaw’s “Hazamir,” and then toured for two years with Nathan Goldberg across Poland. Due to the First World War, he was prevented from acting in Poland in Yiddish, and he had to therefore put on productions at dances and wedding halls under the mask of dance evenings and weddings.

At the end of 1914 he went away to Minsk, and there with actors and “amateurs,” he put together a collective and acted in Shabes matinees. He gave fifty-percent discounts to the Russian Red Cross, but after performing several times, the productions became banned. In 1915 went back to Warsaw and there prompted with the “Artist’s Vinkele” with “Hazamir.” Then he went on tour with Esther Rukhl Kaminska across Poland and the Ukraine. After the October Revolution he entered into the troupe of Rudolf Zaslavsky and (?) Luxembourg. In 1920 he participated in Poltava’s “Kunst vinkl,” which migrated in 1921 across to Kremenchug and then to Kharkov. Since 1922 he settled into the theatre in Kiev, where L. participated as an evening regisseur until 1928.

In 1929 he went over to being a stage manager in the all-Ukrainian state theatre for small forms, “Gez-kult,” where he was active until

1930. Later he went over to Kiev’s film factory, where he went through a six-month course in the film laboratory.

In 1931 he worked for eight months as stage inspector in the first ulfarbandisn Polish theatre in Kiev, then worked organizationally and administratively in the “pedagogical Jewish-Ukrainian state theatre for children” in Kiev, where he served in the school council of the National Minderheytn, Yiddish technicums, professional school, etc.

L. also organized and traveled with dramatic works in Yiddish worker clubs in the Ukraine and participated in several Russian films.

L. was a co-founder and active collector for the theatre section of the “Mendele Museum” in Odessa, a collaborator in the Yiddish theatre department of the “All-Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia” (“Are”), and the correspondent for the “Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre” in the Soviet Union.

During the Second World War, L. was brought by the Nazis into a “death ravine” at Babi Yar in Kiev. His wife suffered from the same fate. Their one and only son was heroically killed in the ravines during the Nazi attack.
 

Sh. E. from Yona Radinov.

  • Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre,” Warsaw, 1934, Vol. 2, p. 1076.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4553.
You can read the original Lexicon biography of Mark Leyptsiker in its second volume, published in 1934.

 

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