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  ERC > LEXICON OF THE YIDDISH THEATRE  >  VOLUME 5  >  MANIA MANIELA


Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre
BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE WHO WERE ONCE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE;
aS FEATURED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S  "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"


VOLUME 5: THE KDOYSHIM (MARTYRS) EDITION, 1967, Mexico City

 


 

Mania Maniela
(Melamed)
 

Born in Warsaw, Poland. Mother -- a midwife. Her sister -- a costumer in a theatre. She began as a chorister, later going over to roles, especially after her marriage to actor Aaron Eisenberg. 

In June 1927 she acted as "Ophelia" in Shakespeare's "Hamlet" with Moshe Lipman in Lodz. In 1935 she acted in the "Eldorado" in Warsaw, in 1939 she acted in the "Skala" Theatre (direction -- S. Ribo) in the play "A Crazy World" by Kh. Sandler and Sh. Berman. Later in the same year she began a tour across Poland under the direction of Rose Shoshana and Morris Lampe (with Jacob Fisher, Sonia Broderzon, Sheftel Zak, L. Shriftzetser, R. Shoshana, Berta Veyshof, Morris Lampe et al), which was interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. About her efforts to save and come to her second husband, the actor L. Kasviner in Lemberg, it was told in detail by by the actress and writer R. Shoshana in her book "In feyer un flamen."

Soon with the German bombardment of Warsaw, she and Eisenberg's son was shot and we had him koym, a difficult wound, exhausted from behind the ruins. She, together with her and Kosviner's small child, Lucy, hat with Shoshana, Lampe, under the hail of the German bombs, and she alertly escaped the German's Shantazhirdne Poles. "Smugglers", who constantly gave them money, wandered to the Russian border, in order to save herself. After a long poverty, fine(?) and alarm, she came with her children to Bialystok, from there she wandered further under exceptionally difficult conditions to Lemberg.

 


According to Shoshana, she, together with Jennie Lavitz, Khaim Levin, Lola Folman, David Zayderman and Khana Lerner settled in a wagon and went to the border, but on the way they were found out by people who returned them, and they had troubles and also returned(?).

According to Jonas Turkow, she went away with a German auto, together with the Nathans and was returned to Warsaw, where he and her daughter had found their death by the Nazi hands.
 

  • R. Shoshana -- "In feyer un flamen," Buenos Aires, 1949, pp. 130-192.

  • Jonas Turkow -- "Extinguished Stars," Buenos Aires, Vol. II, pp. 83-84.

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4366.
 

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