Rafael Smargonski (Smargon)
Born on 27 August 1904 in
Riga, Lettland (Latvia). Father -- a shoe trader. He
learned in cheders and in "Yigdil Torah" Cheder under
the supervision of Riga Chief Rabbi Zak. He completed a
folkshul. As a youth he sang in the local large
choral school with Cantor Baruch Leib Rozovski, and
often with other chorus youths he was employed as a solo
singer in the chorus of a Yiddish theatre (Director:
In 1916 he staged with a
youth theatre, which performed professional theatre
repertoire. 1917 -- engaged in the troupe one of them as
a prompter. 1920 -- in a dramatic theatre of L. Sokolov,
1922 -- again with Kompaneyets, where Esther Rukhl
Kaminska also guest-starred later again with Sokolov
until 1926, when he founded in Riga the "New State
Yiddish Theatre". (Later the "Yiddish Meutim Theatre"),
where he was active as a prompter and actor with a
series of the prominent guest-starring Yiddish actors
M. also toured for four
years with an itinerant troupe across the province of
Lita (Lithuania), Lettland (Latvia) and Estonia (with
actor Julius Rakov), and then with Julius Adler in Lita.
1926-27 -- S. was found with
the dramatic section of the Riga "Gurdunyah" (Bialik
S. continued in Riga, where
he was involved with local troupes.
According to Yona Radinov,
S., together with his wife, were shot in the Riga ghetto
by the German occupiers during the Second World War in
Sh. E. and Sh.
E. from Yona Radinov.
M. Kitay -- Der
suflyor fun idishen teater rfal smarganski, "Riger
frimorgn," Riga, 29 April 1930.
A. Wasserman -- A
shtiler benefis, "Riger tog" 30 April 1930.
M. Kitay --
Benefis fun rfal smarganski -- "Riger frimorgn,"
30 April 1930.
A. Zelber --
Portretn galerey fun undzere idishe artistn, "Nayer
fraytik," Riga, 27 February 1931.
M. Kitay --
Benefis fun "dray", "Riger frimorgn," Riga, 25
M. Gertz --
Benefis fun mzumn, "Riger tog," Riga, 26 April
R. Gordon --
Benefis fun dray, "Riger ovnt post," Riga, 25