S. was born in 1890 in
Her father was a traveler.
The accounts of her father
about his travels and the people who he met, aroused in her a travel fantasy and a huge desire to
know the world. Still very young, she associated
herself with the artistic Yiddish theatre, and she
used to perform in the then amateur circle known as the "Gezelshaftlekher"
Theatre together with the late preeminent painter Michal
Yo and world-famous Yiddish actor Shlomo Mikhoels. That
theatre had been founded in the Moscow suburbs, a
tightly occupied poor Yiddish quartal of Riga, and she
was accustomed to having a great success with the
After her marriage to Moshe
Surits, she became a professional Yiddish actress and
used to act together with the troupes in which he had
On 30 November 1941, in the
first "action" in the Riga Ghetto, when they were taken
and killed with the tens of thousand Latvian Jews, among
them the world-famous Yiddish historian Professor Simon
Dubnow, S. and her five-year old daughter Berta, were
killed by the Nazis in the Rumbula forest, where in six
mass graves lie thirty-eight thousand Riga Jews who were
murdered there during the "action."
Sh. E. from