Left to right,
Jakub (9 years old), Henya, Natan and Max (five years old).
Henya perished in the Rosh Hashanah 1941 aktionen in Kosow
Lacki. Nathan was the plumber in Kosow and was an essential
worker that was saved for his skills.
Jakob and Max were taken and killed in the Rosh Hashanah
aktionen that took place a year later in 1942. After the
loss of his whole family, Nathan escaped to Czernowitz which
was held by the Russians.
living in the ghetto with his children. As reported in Home
is No More, (Gertner and Gertner), men and women who lost
spouses in the aktionen were matched up with survivors
with the thought that a whole family may be spared in any