lt: "Five Shomerim, before reaching Saffed--the
Shomerim are perched in their hut in the branches of a tree."
rt: "Young Shomer Watchman, the most of whom belong to the Poale
1909 April 4, HASHOMER (Eretz
The Association of Jewish
watchmen was founded in order to protect Jewish
settlements. Many of its members were recent arrivals from
Russia who had organized self-defense organizations in
Russia during the pogroms five years earlier. Its founders
included Itzhak ben Zvi, Israel Giladi, Israel Shochat and
Alexander Zeid. The Shomerim were excellent horsemen.
spoke Arabic and wore a combination of Arab and Circassian
garb. Within a few years they took over the defense of all
Jewish villages. HaShomer was active until 1920 when it
was absorbed into the