Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

HaOr
(Light)


In 1921 (according to Sh. Y. Dorfzon -- 1920), on the initiative of Zachariah Francis (sp), Yitzhak Mestel and Shlomo Pryzament, they led this "HaOr" group in Czechoslovakia.

The drift of the initiative -- according to Sh. Y. Dorfzon-- was serious. They were given over to live and love of Yiddish for a theatre society for the people....The Yiddish theatre field in Czechoslovakia was fully deserted, and the experiment had to match to the requirements and intellectual level required for the Jewish theatre world. On account of this fact, the people had to mix together such a type of repertory that would guarantee the existence of this theatre.

"The society was led in all by twelve members (according to Yitzhak Mestel, the society was led by: Shlomo Pryzament, Yitzhak Mestel, Zakharia Francis, Leibish Dreykurs, Regina Gelbert, Y. Alter, Fr. Peltz, Belman, Razner, Bergman, and later came Adolf Meltzer, Sara Kaner, Moshe and Salcia Weinberg, Weill, Erlichman and Fr. Palipade).

The first production occurred in Pressburg [according to Yitzhak Mestel -- in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, with Y. Gordin's "Der vilder mentsh (The Wild Man)", during Purim time, during the year of 1920 [1921?] in a large restaurant-hall, and it was given a lovely income -- therefore [overcoming] however a completely bad reputation for Yiddish theatre. What was [once] bad was responded well to also on the upcoming tours."

The troupe later performed in Munkacs, Hungary, and in other Czech and Carpathian-Russian towns. The repertory was led by: "Der vilder mentsh", "Ahasuerus", "Shulamis", "Ekdt yitzhak (The Sacrifice of Isaac)", "Der idisher glikh", Strindberg's "Der foter",  "Kol nidre", "Dos pintele yid", "Di veyse shklevin", et al.

Although the troupe had received certain privileges from the Czech government, they were however first of all a bad society(?) because the local Jewish population had only a slight understanding of the Yiddish language, and in 1922 the troupe disbanded.


M. E. from Yitzhak Mestel.

  • Sh. Y. Dorfzon -- The Yiddish Theatre in Czechoslovakia, "Neyer folks-blat", Lodz, 14 April, 1925.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 1, page 572.
 

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