Born in 1896 in Vilna,
Polish Lithuania. Mother -- a restaurant owner. She
completed Gurevitsh's gymnasium. Still in school, she
participated in the Russian student productions, and at
the same time acted in children's roles in the troupe of
Julius Adler. On 19 February (A. S.) 1910, she performed
as "Di kleyne" in David Pinski's "Gabri and the Women",
under the direction of Y. Yulin. 1912 -- participated in
the amateur circle of Jacob Ben Ami.
A. (together with her
brother Jacob) completed the dramatic courses of the
Russian regisseur Straganov's concept, then acted with
L. Sokolov ("Amalie" in Schiller's "The Robbers"), and
over the province with Solskin.
When "Fada (Fereyn yidishe
dramtishe artistn -- ed.)" was founded (1916),
she was taken into the troupe and soon there received
her first dramatic roles. During the outbreak of the
German revolution, E. together with her husband, A. Azro,
traveled to Vilna, where they founded the local Jewish
state theatre (Shtadt-Theater and Cirkus-Theater --
ed.), and there she acted until April 1919. End of
1919 -- E. acted in the troupe that was organized by the
"Yiddish Theatre Society", and then toured across the
province (together with Azro, Zhelazo and Birnbaum),
with "artistic evenings". Summer 1920 -- acted for a
short time in Kovno, and from there traveled to Berlin,
where she acted for eight months (from September 1921)
in "Dos yidishe kinstler-teater", and traveled
afterwards with the troupe on a tour (until February
1923) across Germany, Holland, Belgium, France and
May 1923 -- she entered into
the reorganized "Vilna Troupe", with whom she traveled
to perform across Holland and Belgium, and then to
America to Boris Thomashefsky (19 January 1924 in New
York's Nora Bayes Theatre). After performing for several
months in New York, she went on a large tour with the
troupe across America, and in the 1926-27 season, she
further acted in New York (Lipzin Theatre) under her
husband's direction, and in mid-season, E. withdrew from
the troupe and from then on performed only in scenes of
plays on special "evenings".
On 23 March 1929, she was in
a farewell production staged in the Folks Theatre in an
act of Artsybashev's "Oyferzukht", and in Sholem Asch's
"Motke ganef (Motke the Thief)", and soon traveled to
Europe where she performed with her husband in "artistic
evenings" in Western Europe, participating then in a
troupe that called itself for a certain time "Vilna
Troupe", and later continued to perform with "artistic
evenings" in Eastern and Western Europe.
Sh. E. from
Meir Bulkin and from Y. Yulin.
Zalmen Reyzen -- Der
yidisher teater in vilne in "vilner zaml-bukh",
Vilna, 1918, pp. 165-174.
Dr. Jacob Wigodski --
"In shturem", Vilna, 1926, pp. 281-282.
H. Levin -- Yulius adler,
"Tsayt", Vilna, N' 247, 1926.
Arnold Zweig -- "Juden
auf der deutschen Buhne", Berlin, Welt-Verlag, 1928,
Ab. Cahan -- Alomis un
azro in "oyferzukht" un in "motke ganef", "Forward",
N. Y., 15 March 1929.
N. B. Linder -- Di
gast-forshtelung fun azro-alomis, "Der tog", N. Y.,
15 March 1929.
H. Tsvir -- Sonia
alomis-aleksander azro in der keniglekher flemisher
oper, "Yidishe prese", Antwerp, N' 45, 1929.
Yom Tov -- Oyf der shvel
fun a gutn yidishn teater in belge, bmkum a
retsenzye iber di gelungene aroystritn fun azro un
almois, "Yidishe tsaytung", Antwep, N' 49, 1929.