Born on 28 August 1855 in
Ponevezh, Kovno region, Lite (Lithuania), as the son of
a prominent mashkhil in the city. At age eight he
became an orphan, and due to his stepmother, he was
forced to leave home. At age ten he went away to
Vilkomir, where he was a student in the yeshiva of Moshe
Leyb Lilienblum. At age sixteen A. went to study Hebrew,
Russian and German, and wrote very much in Hebrew. In
1877 A. early on listed in on [classes at] Kiev's
university, and became excited about the Revolutionary
Movement. In 1879 A. was arrested as a "nihlist", and
sent to be condemned, he fled and settled in Czernowitz,
where he opened a bookkeeping business, and in 1881 he
issued his first work under he name: "Hnbl -- di leyer
-- tsehn shane folkslieder iber di vikhtigste frage der
yuden, in Hebrew and Yiddish-German with very beautiful
melodies". In 1886 or 1888 he immigrated to America with
the goal here of founding a communist colony, and when
he couldn't get one, he founded in Brooklyn a shop of
women's clothing in a communist element. When the
commune disbanded after three years, he opened a
printing shop in Brownsville, and began to issue a
humoristic-satirical paper. Then he moved over to
Philadelphia, where he founded a weekly paper, founded a
dramatic union, and when he moved in 1909 over to New
York, he edited here "Di idishe bihne".
A. left in manuscript plays,
dramas, comedies and vaudevilles:
"Di shtume kallah", "Der
ger-tsadik oder graf potatski", (1889), "Der velt-troym
oder di dray brider", "Der eviger yude oder der orimer
milyoner", with songs and couplets (1890), "Shimson
hagibor" (adapted from the German), "Tsion", "Der
nihilist" (1892), "In prizon" (1895), "Yankl" (a comedy
-- a troym) (1909), "Di rusishe kutshme" (1909), "Gayster"
(1910), "In a shvakhn moment" (1911).
None of these plays were
performed on the professional stage, only by "amateurs"
at various times there were staged his plays "Der
letster strayk", "Moshiach's tseytn", "Gimpels sdr", "Der
anarkhist", et al.
Zalmen Reyzen -- "Lexicon
of Yiddish Literature", Vol. I, pp. 151-5.
B. Gorin --
"History of Yiddish Theatre", Vol. II, p. 66.
Dr. Jacob Shatzky
-- Retsenzies, "Pinkas", N. Y., 3, pp. 284-5.