Yakov (Yasha) Bergolski
His correct name may have
been Goldberg. He came from the Ukraine. He completed or
studied in a Yiddish dramatic school. He acted in the
Baku Jewish State Theatre in Yiddish. After the troupe
had divided had during the Second World War, the
Jewish actors within the Yiddish troupes [went to
either] Vilna and Bialystok, and B. went over to Bialystok.
According to the actor
Yehoshua Borodov, Bergolski arrived in Bialystok with a
wife and child, and with his talent he soon became
popular, and was intelligent and wise. A little later the
Soviets founded in Vilna a Jewish state theatre with
writer David Umru from Kovno as director, and Max
Viskind as regisseur. In this theatre B. was engaged and
went over to Vilna. When the Nazis took Vilna, they
had him with his wife Lili Goldenberg (who also had
acted on the Yiddish stage) and two children put into
the ghetto. Here he staged in Hebrew Pinski's "Hihudi
hntshi", and was especially popular with his singing in
the summer of 1943 Leib Rosenthal's song "Tsu eyns,
tsvey, dray". He worked in various German activities
until he was killed with his entire family.
According to Yona Radinow,
he died attempting to resist the Nazis.
B. especially excelled in
the role of "Gorodovai" in Gershenson's "Hershele
Ostropoler", "Sheyerman" in Sholem Aleichem's "Hard to
be a Jew", and in the title role from Sholem Aleichem's
"Artist of the
Yiddish theatre in Baku. In April 1941 Bergolski
arrived in Vilna, according to the processing of
the Jewish State Theatre. He became the darling
of theatre attendees. Self-evacuation was not
possible for him, because a few days after the
outbreak of war, his wife gave birth (born
Goldberg, an actress from Baku) to a child.
In the ghetto
Bergolski was beloved by the public, excelled,
and was the avekshtelung from D. Pinski's
'Hihudi hntshkh'. He quickly learned the Hebrew
language and even often recited and sang in the
language. He was killed in a labor camp H. K. P.
a few days after he was released from Vilna
(6.7.1944), together with his wife and two
[It isn't clear if
he had the name of Bergolski or Beregolski. Also
it is possible that that which people believed,
that his correct family name was Goldberg, came
from a teus, because his wife's family
name was Goldenberg or Goldberg].
from Israel Segal, Mordechai Hilsberg, Yehoshua
Borodov and Dora Rubina.
from Yona Radinow
A. Sutzkever -- "Fun vilner
geto", Moscow, 1946, p. 106.
Sh. Katsherginski -- "Khurbn
vilne", New York, 1947, p. 222.
Sh. Katsherginski -- "Lider
fun getos un lagern", New York, 1948.