Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Shlomo Binder


Born in 1904 in Baltremantz (Butrimantz?), Lithuania. 

He received a secular education. He studied in Kovno's university and was active in the unionist movement. Until 1941 he lived in Kovno, later in the Vilna ghetto, where he was a civil servant in the Jewish management. In the twentieth year -- he was a worker at the Kovno "Folksblat", then in the "Yiddish newspaper". In the Vilna ghetto he published in a weekly newspaper bulletin "Geto idius (Ghetto Information)" (Vilna, 1942-43). At the end of 1943 he was sent away to the [ulinurmen] camp, to Derpt (Tartu), Estonia, and there he perished from hunger and scabies.

In the ghetto B. was (the source) of the information about the Lithuanian society for Herman Kruk, who wrote a diary. In one of the notices in the diary he was speaking about "a matter of Binder", according to whom it here a hint, that people had B. was subject, that he hasn't a close relationship with the Germans, but it did it to [oysgevizn]. So it was a mess.

B. had translated for the ghetto theatre the European plays "Der mentsh untern brik", which was performed in the ghetto.

His wife and his two small children had endured in Kovno, magically in the ghetto. In 1943 they were caught and killed in the ninth fort.
 

  • "Lexicon of the New Yiddish Literature", New York, 1956, Vol. I, pp. 195-196.

  • Sh. Katsherginski -- "The Destruction of Vilna", New York, 1947, p. 182.

  • H. Kruk -- "Togbukh fun vilner geto (Diary from the Vilna Ghetto), New York, 1961, pp. 403-4, 479, 535-36.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4052.
 

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