Born on 17 November 1898 in
Sosnowiec, Poland, into a well-to-do family. He learned
with a melamed, then entered into the Russian
crown real school, later over to a Polish gymnasium that
he completed in 1918.
As a gymnasium student of
the last class, he became attracted to the Jewish Labor
Movement, and he had at first then become interested in
the Yiddish language and literature and debuted with an
article about Hugo Zukerman in "Di yidishe zamlbikher"
(1918) under the direction of Y. M. Veysenberg Since
then E. has published reviews and essays in the organs
of the Poalei Zion (in which he was active in this party
for a long time), and also in other literary
publications in Poland.
1919-21 -- served in the
Polish military and completed officer's school. 1921-24
-- studied law at Krakow's university. 1922-23 and
1925-6 -- was a teacher of Yiddish literature and Polish
Studies in the Jewish middle schools of Vilna.
Beginning to devote himself
to the history of the old Yiddish literature, he adapted
old Yiddish texts from the city library in Danzig, at
the Bodleian Library. the British Museum, and in a
French library, taking an active part in the work of
YIVO and performing as a lecturer about literature.
Since 1930 E. has settled in
the Soviet Union, and together with
his political convictions,
and he also completed his working method about the old
Yiddish literary productions.
In his book "Konstruktsye
shtudien" (publisher, "Arbayter-heym", Warsaw, 1924),
found a large work in which was treated gnetishe
details in connection with the various variations of
Peretz's dramas "Di goldene kayt" and "Beynakht oyfn
alte mark", and became analyzed various moments in the
development of Peretz's dramatic creations.
In "Philologishe shriftn",
Volume 3, Vilna (pp. 535-584), E. published a large work
"Di ershte yidishe komedye" (about Itsik Euchel's "Reb
Henoch, oder Woss tut me damit"). He had added to this
work the name "Naye materialn vegn eykhlen" in "Tsaytshrift",
Insk, 1932 (pp. 285-294).
In "Tsaytshrift", Minsk,
1931, (pp. 125-169), E. also published a large etude
under the name "Vegn sotsialn mehus fun aksenfelds shafn".
In 1931 there was also
published in Minsk E.'s book "Sholem Asch" (125 pp.), in
which he discusses in a particular chapter (pp. 46-70)
Sholem Asch's dramatic work.