About the same topic, Libresko
"Gradner soon had brought [to
Goldfaden] a close friend. When they were, I do not
remember. ...If Finkel was, I do not remember.
However, he also certainly was from the first. He
acted together with Gradner in Marks' garden, but it
seems that later he left, and Finkel was not part of
the formation of Yiddish theatre".
That F. was not at the formation of
Yiddish theatre, most witnesses cite Goldfaden's
letter from him to Odessa, written on 4 October 1876
from Iasi, published by Moshe Starkman in "Archive
of the History of Yiddish Theatre" [in our
"Friend Moshe Finkel,
As I now am in Iasi and have heard of
your productions, I entshlasn in general need
to put together a troupe of the best artists and to
F. soon went over to Gradner's troupe
and then returned to Goldfaden.
When Goldfaden in 1879 arrived in
Odessa and soon thereof brought over from Romania
his troupe, F. already was a complete actor there.
Gradner soon spoke to him about the troupe and took
him into his current troupe, which soon fell apart,
however, because Goldfaden was not permitted to
perform his repertoire. The troupe, without Gradner,
returned again to Odessa and came back in to
Goldfaden, who left a little while later to migrate
across the Russian cities, until he arrived in
Moscow, where he left the troupe, and according to
the director to the actor Lazar Tsukerman. F. then
-- as B. Gorin tells it -- was found insulted. He
married the actress Aneta Finkel and moved away with
her to Odessa.
In September 1883, after the ban on
Yiddish theatre in Russia, they went, with a part of
the Odessa actors to Romania.
According to Boaz Young, Moguelsko
had at times told him that in Europe an actor from
Finkel's troupe asked F. for a ruble because he
hadn't eaten. F. made a wounded face, adopted the
moustache of his and zi a dray geton and
answered coldly: "Shlekht (Bad)".
In one of the first reviews of
Yiddish theatre, the Bucharest newspaper "Fraternitatea"
of June 1885 (in the Yiddish translation of Sh's
"Already some time since in Buchaest,
the Israelite troupe under the direction of Mssrs.
Mogulesko and Finkel, which not her performances in
the Jignitsa theatre...the repertoire of that troupe
is a nor-varieidter and elected (oysderveylter).
The roles were....more..."
As Gorin writes, the troupe in
Romania suffered greatly and when they opgematert
for several years, F. was sent away to Galicia,
that he may get a concession there to perform
Yiddish theatre. In the beginning of the summer of
1886, he called out to Mogulesko in Lemberg. From
there they went to London, where he received the
information about the golden happiness in America,
and at the end of July 1886, hey went to New York,
wherein they brought at the end of August the entire
troupe, such as David Kessler, Sigmund Feinman,
Israel Weinblatt, Leon Blank, Mr. and Mrs.
Abramovich, Sabina Weinblatt, Sigmund Mogulesko,
Morris and Aneta Finkel.
Gorin recounts that in the first
years of Yiddish theatre in New York, when it is
addressed a huge oysdingenish of the theatre,
hot pasirt, that:
"...The company from Poole's Theatre
had been oysgedungen Thalia theatre. more
(top, page 2670).....