10 October, 1894 in Brest-Litovsk (Brisk), Russia.
was a merchant.
studied with various teachers and then in a “cheder
metukan” (improved cheder) with Eliahu Sinai, and in
a commercial school. He also participated in Russian
1912 he came to America on his own, and after some
traveling about, settled at a childhood friend’s
house in Milwaukee where he became one of the founders
of the local Yiddish drama club and a prompter at its
Later he settled in Chicago, became a professional
prompter, first with Philip Weisenfreund (Muni’s
father), then with Adolph Gertner.
1924 he arrived in New York, where he was immediately
accepted into the Yiddish Actors Union and soon became its
executive secretary. Since then he has worked as prompter in
the important Yiddish theatres, and in later years
especially with Maurice Schwartz.
wrote the plays “Farshlosenen lipen” and “Mentshen
veln reydn", and on Fridays he used to publish a theatre
column in Chicago’s “Courier”.