David Moshe Hermalin
Born on 12 May 1865 in
Vasilău, Rumania. His father was a merchant, who gave
him a traditional education. Until the age of twelve he
learned in a cheder, then he took up secular studies and
later learned Hebrew, Russian, German and French with
the teacher Hillel Goldenkorn. At the age of sixteen, he
left his parents for Bucharest and there stayed for four
In 1885 H. immigrated to New
York, where here he entered into the "Idisihe folks
tseytung", and in about a year's time became a Hebrew
teacher in Montreal, returning to New York where he
dedicated himself to Yiddish journalism. H. published in
the periodic Yiddish press light, popular articles,
novels, philosophical papers and a whole range of
translations and adaptations of the European literature,
form which many, also original novels, were later
published as separate books.
In 1895, when the Yiddish
stage in America dominated during the "classical
period", H. adapted into Yiddish Shakespeare's "Julius
Caesar" and "Macbeth", which were soon thereof staged.
Being so drawn into the circle of the Yiddish theatre,
H. took to writing the melodramatic sort and "lebensbilds",
according to the tastes of the time. Thus they staged in
1899 his [adapted] plays: "dos kind fun der mdbr", or "Gefangen
in gets fun vilder libe" (in 5 acts), "Feygele", or "Noyt
brekht eyzn" (in 4 acts with a prologue), in 1900: "Der
yidisher gemblre", or "Oyfun mzbkh fun libe", "Der .
"Josephus", or "Der yidisher gladiator"
(dramatized from Yan Koval's novel,
"Spartacus"), and an adaptation of Shakespeare's
"Cariolanus". In 1901: the hisotic operetta "Di
idn in brazilye (The Jew in Brazil)", or "Prints
roderiga", in 1902: the drama "Di kroyn fun
shande", in 1904: a translation of Strindberg's
"Der tate (The Father)", in 1906: the
translation from Roneti Roman's "Menasha", and
in 1907: the translation of the melodrama
"Olga", or "Di geheymnise fun kloyster".
H. also translated
Goethe's "Faust", that was published in his
translation in four volumes "Geklibene shriftn
fun volkfgang goethe" (Hebrew Publishing
Company, N. Y., 1912).
On 19 June 1921 H.
passed away in New York.
Z. Reyzen --
"Lexicon of Yiddish Literature", Vol. I, pp.
B. Gorin --
"History of Yiddish Theatre", Vol. I, p. 141
[list of plays].
N. B. L. --
Zeyer geyst iz nokh mit unz, "Tog", N. Y.,
23 November 1924.
Perlmutter -- Idishe dramaturgen, "Di idishe
velt", Cleveland, 23 December 1928.