Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Ozias Horowitz
(Yehoshua)

 

Born on 7 March 1901 in Rzeszów (Raysha), Western Galicia. Father -- a businessman, grandson of the Kantshiker rabbi, his uncle was a rabbi in Rondzhev.

On the eve of the First World War, the family immigrated to Vienna, Austria, where the parents opened a Jewish restaurant, and among the visitors were also Yiddish actors. H. really became tsugeklept and did not act from the Hotel Stefania, where he was gave Yiddish theatre productions.

Circa 1923 he began to act with Podamce, and he became very popular and remained with his colleagues, that he later was chosen as president of the Yiddish Actors Union in Vienna. 1931 -- he acted in Yiddish theatre in Berlin, then in the better of Frantsesbad and Marienbad, leaving the stage and becoming a prompter. In 1932 he returned to Vienna to the stage as an actor. For a certain time he generally returned to the theatre and worked with his brother in a perfume business. In 1937 he again was employed in the Yiddish theatre in Vienna and brought, together with Goldfaden, Maurice Schwartz, Sevilla Pastor and Kamien-Stein in concerts. 1938 -- fled from the Nazis to Switzerland and there toured across the camps of the flikhtlinge with a Yiddish troupe and acted in Basel and Zurich.

1948 -- H. arrived in America, where he took up commerce, at first

 

in New York, later in Los Angeles, yet he used to help out troupes when they need to have a role player, and he participated in the guest-starring [appearance] of the Yiddish Art Theatre, in Moshe Strassberg's production of Hirshbein's "The Blacksmith's Daughter", in Zylbercweig's production of Sholem Aleichem's "Berditshever restoranen (Berdichev Restaurant)", in Z.'s dramatization of Fannie Edelman's "Kourt geshikhtes", and in Elihu Tenenholtz's production of Kobrin's "Minke the dinstmoyd", with Celia Silver in the title role.

H. also gave his time with social work, and he was a member of the City Council of the Yiddish National Arbeter Farband in Los Angeles, and the secretary of the local Peretz Hirshbein branch of the Farband.

On 19 July 1953 H. passed away in Los Angeles.

Zalmen Zylbercweig characterized him as such:

"His rabbinical origins was in his blood: an idealist, a friendly, warm person and a very giving friend. Always pleasant, immensely responsible for the roles, which he took up. He was a fine character actor, but that wasn't important to him. But the various theatre stories which he used to play more than tell. The stories were exceptionally characterized for the wandering Yiddish theatre, and they had reflected the character and nature of the Yiddish actor and even more so the Yiddish theatre audience across the small communities, and villages in Carpathian Russia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, as well as in the vart-beder. In the stories, which were unfortunately not recorded, was a sea of folklore, without a difficult episode of the history of Yiddish theatre, and in the psychology and action of her geshtalt.

When not his sudden death (?), there are certainly many stories, which H. had so simply and so genuinely told and were recorded, and this does not farfiksirn these theater episodes in a certain great loss." (?)


M. E. from his wife Gizela and Sherry Sharf.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 3, page 2228.
 

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