Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Harry Kalmanowitz

 

Born in 1886 [according to Sholem Perlmutter-- 24 December 1885] in Dubrove, Grodno Gubernia, Polish Lithuania. His father was Reuben, who traded in grains and other articles. Not being able to earn a living, he [Reuben] went off to America "searching for luck," but after working for four years in a shop, he returned home and went back into commerce. Again, not having any income, he twice traveled to America, and in 1900 he also brought over his son Hershel (Harry).

According to Sholem Perlmutter, K. became a newspaper seller across New York's streets, and in the evening "peddled candy" [sold "zisvarg"]. Later his father took him into the shop and later taught him in knee-pants (children's pants). K. would beg from his father for fifteen cents every Friday, so he could visit the Yiddish vaudeville productions in the "Schneider's Singer Hall," and he became so excited with the productions that he indeed decided to write for the stage. Around 1903 he wrote for a star of that vaudeville house, Aaron Mogenbesser, a dramatic sketch in three acts, "The Gambler." The sketch, in fact, was pleasing, but due to a strike in the vaudeville house, the sketch was not performed. He wrote thereon a one-act comical sketch, which he sold for a dollar to Blum's vaudeville house. However neither his father was not thrilled about his son's "foolishness," nor the workers in the shop, who kibitzed him and made fun of him (not once did he use his machine to find tsetelekh with a phrase, "Shakespeare the Second"), and K. then heard what to write about.

 

K. writes in his biography:

"At age fifteen I arrived in America. During the day I used to run around selling Yiddish newspapers, and in the evening I am going to learn the American language, until-- until I enter into college, which they call the "shop." ...I am caught in the powerful hand that has me oppressed for sixteen years' time. Thus I have had the opportunity to study my brother-workers with all of their sufferings and freedoms. I have seen him laugh when his soul has wailed, and I have seen his tired smile, who stresses in a world with headaches that don't go away. I eyngegenbet myself in the deepest corner of his heart, and I have seen everything and for me in mental records. I know him, the brother-worker, with all his strengths and defects, and I have a deep love for him.

Later I have his sufferings and freedoms melted down and have brought it onto the red of the stage, and he, the brother-worker, has himself seen and laughed through tears his own words and jokes.

Almost all of my children (comedies and dramas) are from worker's lives. ....Some of those were devices, leytishe. Many of the popular, well-known Yiddish critics have stood still and had a few good words in what they say, and many of the other great Yiddish artists have spirit, and they read and they bring it to life, but many of my children were libertines [hulties], creepy things, personal, that there should be no meaning. One should not find them inside any Jewish home."

In 1914, already a father of two children, he again wrote at night for Yiddish theatre, and he wrote the play, "On the Same Path[?]," which a known Yiddish actor had later put on in the "Lyric Theatre" in Brooklyn, obscuring the name, not giving the name of the author, and with it toured across America and Canada, where he had staged it.

K. wrote then a play, "The Awakening," which he had brought to read to the then manager of the "League of Yiddish Playwrights" Sholem Perlmutter, who made him aware that a play under the same name by Moshe Richter was just staged by Keni Lipzin, and K. gave his consent to change the name of his play. Perlmutter, not having any confidence in an unknown playwright, did not read the play. In the summer of 1916 he brought his new play to the dramatist N. Rakow,  which was read for Kessler, begging {Rakow] that Kessler would not give the name of the author. Kessler [who] is the play, especially the screaming end of the third act, was not pleased that he hadn't bought the play. The play also may have been staged in Newark's "Metropolitan Theatre," which Joseph Schoengold also was supposed to have taken on, but as there is nothing about it, the play also had not been staged there.

As Perlmutter recalls, he had received a proposal from the actors Saul and Esther Wallerstein for a new play, and when he decided, they submitted Rakow's play, "The Awakening," just the same day that K. came to him, and speaking, he revealed that truly the play is not Rakow's. But K.'s play, however, was still staged there under the name, "His Last Dollar [?]" with K. and Rakow [listed] as the composers. After the great success of the play, it was bought by David Kessler, and he had it staged on 5 November 1915 in his theatre, under the name "The Mirror of Life, a drama in our acts with a prologue and an epilogue by Kalmanowitz and Rakow."

  • On 31 December 1915 in the "Lyric Theatre," there was staged with the Wallersteins K.'s lebensbild in four acts, "Reyn fun zind," and in June 1916 in the "Liberty Theatre" with Ella Wallerstein in the main role.

  • On 21 July 1916 Sigmund Weintraub staged at the "National Roof Garden," K.'s play, "Birth Control," music by Friedsell.

  • On 19 January 1917 in the "Lyric Theatre," there was staged K.'s lebensbild in four acts, "A krbn fun densing skool."

  • On 12 August 1917 in the "National Roof Garden," there was staged K.'s play, "Nature's Punishment [?]."

  • On 7 September 1917 Louis Kremer staged in the "North Star Theatre" K.'s play, "Iz a froy shuldik?" in four acts.

  • On 17 September 1917 in the "Liberty Theatre," there was staged "The Worth of a Mother, a comedy-drama in four acts, by Harry Kalmanowitz," which on 22 September 1917 was played in the "Lyric Theatre" under the name, "A Mother and her Children," and on 12 October 1917 was performed by David Kessler in his theatre, under the name "The Worth of a Mother," a lebensbild in four acts by Kalmanowitz (with the participation of David Kessler, Morris Moskowitz, Rose Karp and Morris Schwartz).

  • On 26 October 1917 Sigmund Weintraub staged in the "Liberty Theatre," "Zindike froyen," in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz.

  • On 1 February 1918 Sigmund Weintraub staged in the "Liberty Theatre," "Leykhtzinike yungt, a lebensbild in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz."

  • On 1 November 1918 there was staged in "Gabel's Theatre" "Khava's libe (Chava's Love?)", a comedy-drama in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz, scenes translated and staged by Max Gabel."

  • On 6 December 1918 there was staged by Sigmund Weintraub in the "Liberty Theatre" "Eltern un kinder, a family-shtik in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz."

  • On 13 December 1918 there was staged in Thomashefsky's "National Theatre" "Upstairs and Downstairs," a comedy in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz, adapted and staged by Boris Thomashefsky, music by Joseph Rumshinsky.

  • On 8 February 1919 Max Rosenthal staged in the "People's Theatre" K.'s melodrama in four acts, with music by Friedsell, "Tserisene neshomes." For the future productions of this play there would be listed as the co-author the name of William Siegel.

  • On 29 August 1919 in the "Thomashefsky National Theatre," there was staged by Boris Thomashefsky in his earlier adaptation, "The Two Cantors, a musical comedy by H. Kalmanowitz" (with David Kessler and Boris Thomashefsky in the main roles.)

  • On 20 February 1920 there was staged at the "Lyric Theatre" K.'s "The Eternal Slave" [ed. note: the opening date for this production should be 12 February 1920.]

  • On 16 April 1920 in the "Lyric Theatre," there was staged, "This Fire of Love," in four acts, by H. Kalmanowitz.

  • On 19 May 1920 there was staged in "Gabel's Theatre" "Fraye libe, a family drama by Kalmanowitz and Cohen" [that was earlier played in the "Liberty Theatre."]

  • On 2 December 1921 in "Kessler's Second Avenue Theatre," there was staged, "From Down-town to the Bronx, a comedy in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz, music by J. Rumshinsky."

  • On 10 December 1921 in the "Lyric Theatre," there was staged by Joseph Tanzman (with his music), "Should Men Marry?", a comedy by H. Kalmanowitz.

  • On 18 January 1922 in the "People's Theatre," there was staged, with Ludwig Satz in the title role, K. comedy "The Lunatic."

  • On 10 March 1922 in the "People's Theatre," there was staged through Max Rosenthal, "Somebody's Wife, a comedy in four acts by H. Kalmanowitz, music by Joseph Brody (with Max Rosenthal, Ludwig Satz and Berta Gerstin in the main roles.)

  • On 13 April 1922 in "Thomashefsky's National Theatre," there was staged by Aaron Lebedeff, "Aronchik and Solomonchik, a comedy in three acts by H. Kalmanowitz, music by H. Wohl."

  • On 23 September 1922, in the "People's Theatre," there was staged, "God's Judgment, a comedy-drama in three acts with a prologue and epilogue by Kalmanowitz and Siegel."

  • On 23 September 1922, in the "Lenox Theatre," there was staged, "A Home For a Mother," a melodrama in four acts by Siegel and Kalmanowitz." The same play on 4 September 1925 was staged by Nathan Goldberg in the "Grand Theatre."

  • On 3 November 1922 there was staged by Boris Thomashefsky in his theatre, K.'s operetta, "Dance, Song and Wine," music by Joseph Cherniavsky.

  • On 8 December 1922 there was staged by Nathan Goldberg in his "Lenox Theatre" K.'s "The Upset Bride." [ed. note: opening date should be 20 November 1922.]

  • On 12 January 1923 there was staged by Max Gabel, during his guest-appearances in the "Liberty Theatre" "Khatzkel the Shoemaker, a comedy-drama in four acts, written by Max Gabel (idea from Kalmanowitz), music by Louis Friedsell.

  • On 18 January 1923 Sigmund Weintraub staged at the "Irving Place Theatre," "The Bandit," with Ludwig Satz in the title role, music by Joseph Cherniavsky, which later was played by Satz across the world.

  • In January 1923 there was staged K.'s play, "Forgotten Mothers." The play under the name of "Foolish Mothers" was staged in 1934 by the Germans in the "Parkway Theatre."

  • On 27 September 1923 there was staged by Isidore Hollander at the "Hopkinson Theatre" "The Power of Love," in four acts by Kalmanowitz.

  • In 1923 there was staged by Leon Blank K.'s play, "The Watchman," which remained in his repertoire for a long time, which he played in various states across the United States and Canada.

  • On 19 October 1923 in the "Liberty Theatre," there was staged "Hearts and Tears," a drama by Kalmanowitz and [Simon] Wolf.

  • On 23 October 1923 there was staged by Louis Kremer in the "Hopkinson Theatre" "Batsolt far ir libe, a lebensbild in four acts by Kalmanowitz" [the author does not know of a play with that name.]

  • On 18 January 1924 in the "National Theatre" there was staged by Aaron Lebedeff and Samuel Rosenstein "Papa's Boy, a musical comedy in three acts by H. Kalmanowitz, music by Peretz Sandler."

  • In the first days of October 1924 opening the "Silbert Theatre" [later the Hopkinson], with K.'s play, "Forgotten Children."

  • On 31 October 1924 there was staged by Max Rosenthal in the "Irving Place Theatre," K.'s four-act play, "The Eternal Fools," (with Ludwig Satz and Max Rosenthal in the main roles), which in August 1939 was staged by Goldinburg in Buenos Aires under the name, "Modern Children."

  • On 20 March 1925 there was staged by Ludwig Satz at the "Irving Place Theatre" "The Lucky Boy, a tragi-comedy in our acts by H. Kalmanowitz."

  • On 6 November 1925 Samuel Rosenstein staged in the "Lenox Theatre" H. Kalmanowitz's "Wives' Wisdom [?] ) (Vayberishe khokhmes)," music by J. Cherniavsky.

  • On 31 December 1925 Max Gabel staged in his theatre, "The Runaway Girl, a great melodrama in three acts by Max Gabel and H. Kalmanowitz, music by Herman Wohl."

  • On 26 February 1926 there was staged in the "Lenox Theatre" by Samuel Rosenstein, "Money Talks," by Kalmanowitz and Wolf.

  • In the twentieth year Samuel Goldinburg also staged, at first in Philadelphia and then in other cities, K.'s play, "In a Roumanian Inn," with which he guest-starred in Argentina in 1936.

  • On 24 September 1926 through Misha German there was staged in the "Hopkinson Theatre"  H. Kalmanowitz's "Stepmothers, a tragi-comedy in three acts." The same play on 1 October 1926 was staged through Goldberg-Jacobs in the "Lenox Theatre," with music by Arnold Perlmutter, and on 15 October 1926 the same play with lyrics and Jacob Jacobs, music by Alexander Olshanetsky, staged by Samuel Goldinburg in the "National Theatre." The play later was staged across many Yiddish theatres across the world, mostly during the guest-appearances of Misha and Lucy German.

  • On 3 December 1926 in the "Lenox Theatre" there was staged "Mit 20 yor tsurik, a comedy-drama by H. Kalmanowitz, lyrics by Jacob Jacobs, music by A. Perlmutter.

  • On 17 December 1926 there was staged at the "Lenox Theatre" by Nathan Goldberg K.'s "On Strange Roads."

  • On 7 January 1927 in the "Liberty Theatre" there was staged by Leon Blank "The Thief, a comedy-drama by H. Kalmanowitz" [The author did not know about a play with that name.]

  • On 18 November 1927 in the "Hopkinson Theatre" there was staged by Chaim Schneour K.'s play, "Why Men Run Away."

  • On 9 December 1927 there was staged by Morris Krohner in the "Lyric Theatre" K.'s play, "Forgotten Love."

  • On 23 December 1927 Jacob Kalich staged in the "Second Avenue Theatre," with Molly Picon in the main role, "Oy iz dos a meydl, libretto by H. Kalmanowitz, music by Joseph Rumshinsky."

  • On 23 March 1928 in the "Prospect Theatre," there was staged by Nathan Goldberg K.'s "The Upset Bride."

  • In March 1928 in Paris there was played and staged by Julius Adler K.'s "The Two Friends," in June 1928 in Argentina the same play was played by Joseph Schoengold and Menasha Skulnik, and in the same year the same play was staged in Kalisz, Poland, by Karl Zimbalist.

  • On 15 April 1928 in the "Public Theatre" there was staged by Ludwig Satz "A Prince There Was, an operetta by H. Kalmanowitz, lyrics by Satz and Stutchkoff, music by Herman Wohl."

  • On 15 September 1928 in the "Prospect Theatre" there was staged, "The Mother's Lover, libretto by H. Kalmanowitz, lyrics by N. Stutchkoff, music by P. Laskowsky."

  • On 19 October 1928 there was staged through Misha German in the "Folks Theatre" (with Misha and Lucy German, Luther Adler, Zvi Scooler, Yudl Dubinsky, Julia Adler and Helen Bley) K.'s "The Eternal Mother, lyrics by Israel Rosenberg, music by Harry Lubin," the same play later year-long was played across many Yiddish theatres across the world, mostly during the guest-appearance of the Germans.

  • On 23 November in the "National Theatre" there was staged by Samuel Goldinburg "Forbidden Pleasures, a melodrama by H. Kalmanowitz."

  • In August 1929 in the "Teatro Argentina" in Buenos Aires, there was staged, "Mother, I Want a Bridegroom, by H. Kalmanowitz, adapted by S. Steinberg, music arranged by M. Hochberg.

  • In August 1929 in the "Teatro Excelsior" in Buenos Aires, there was staged during the guest-appearance of Sara Skulnik, with her in the main role, K.'s "For Her Children."

  • On 14 October 1929 there was staged in the "Rolland Theatre" through Misha German, "The Eternal Dance, by H. Kalmanowitz, music by Sholom Secunda."

  • In November 1929 in Paris there was staged by Hymie Prizant K.'s "Der shemevdiker."

  • In December 1929 there was staged in Lodz, Poland, "Vi azoy meydlekh vern farfirt, a play in three acts by Kalmanowitz."

  • On 14 February 1930 there was staged by Izidore Casher in the "National Theatre" K.'s play, "The Soul of a Woman," with Berta Kalich in the main role. The same in March 1931 was played through the Germans in Montreal and in other cities.

  • On 9 April 1930 Aaron Lebedeff staged in the "National Theatre" "Motke from Slobodke, an operetta by Kalmanowitz, music by A. Olshanetsky."

  • On 13 April in the "Rolland Theatre" there was staged through Misha German "Marriage Chains, by H. Kalmanowitz, lyrics by Israel Rosenberg, music by Sholom Secunda, with Misha and Lucy German in the main roles.

  • In May 1930 there was staged in Buenos Aires K.'s play, "Yo a man nit a man [the author knows nothing of a play with this name.]

  • In February 1930 there was staged by Hymie Prizant in London K.'s "The Big Shot."

  • In September 1930 in the "Second Avenue Theatre," under the direction of Jacob Kalich, there was staged with Molly Picon in the title role, K.'s "The Girl of Yesterday," music by Joseph Rumshinsky.

  • In November 1930 in Montreal there was played K.'s "Fun got fargesene."

  • In December 1930 in the "Hopkinson Theatre" there was played with Celia Adler in the main role K.'s play, "Be a Mother."

  • On 24 April 1931 there was staged by S. Goldinburg, "The Dangerous Age, by H. Kalmanowitz, music by Sholom Secunda."

  • On 21 September 1931 in "German's Folkstheatre," there was staged by Misha German K.'s play, "The Mirror of Life," under the new name, "Such is Life" (with Misha and Lucy German, Menasha Skulnik, Izidore Casher, Mark Schweid, Sonia Nadolska, and Celia Boodkin.)

  • In January 1932 there was staged in the "Folkstheatre" by Misha German K.'s play, "In a Tenement House" (with Menasha Skulnik.)

  • In May 1932 in Warsaw's "Skala Theatre," there was staged by the guest-starring Celia Adler, "The Eternal Bride, by Kalmanowitz, adapted by Jacob Sternberg."

  • In October 1932 in the "Folks-Theatre," there was staged K.'s comedy, "Shlumiel," [Per Israel Rosenberg this is his play], in which Skulnik in Argentina had guest-starred in in January 1938.

  • On 1 October 1932 there was staged by Misha German in the "Liberty Theatre" "Mother and Mother-in-Law, in three acts by H. Kalmanowitz  (with Misha and Lucy German in the main roles). The same play later was played across the world, during their guest-appearance in Riga, under the name of "Esther."

  • In December 1932 Samuel Goldinburg staged in the "National Theatre"  K.'s play, "New Times," which later was played under the name of "Hello Grandfather" by Ludwig Satz in the "Public Theatre," and in 1940, through Izidore Casher, under the name "Der zayde geyt," during his guest-appearance in Argentina, as well as through Turkow.

  • In October 1935 in the "Public Theatre" there was staged by Nathan Goldberg K.'s play, "In a House of Glass."

  • In November 1935 in the "National Theatre" revived under the name, "Our Family Lives," was  K.'s play, "Shvakhe heldn."

  • In November 1935 in the "Public Theatre" there was staged  K.'s musical comedy, "Oh, You Girls!" (with Aaron Lebedeff and Itzhak Feld.)"

  • In January 1936 there was staged at the "Parkway Theatre" K.'s play, "Which Woman is Right?".

  • In April 1936 Samuel Goldinburg guest-starred in Argentina's Yiddish theatre with K.'s play, "All in a Lifetime."

  • In April 1936 in the "Parkway Theatre" there was staged K.'s play, "The Second Love" with Ludwig Satz and Celia Adler in the main roles. the same play later was also staged across the province.

  • On 2 November 1936 in the "Parkway Theatre" there was staged by Nathan Goldberg, "The Musical Horse," by H. Kalmanowitz, lyrics by Jacob Jacobs, music by Yasha Kreitzberg.

  • In January 1937 Bertha Gerstin, during her guest-appearance in Buenos Aires, staged there K.'s play, "The Woman Who Lost" [a free adaptation of "The House of Glass" by Maxwell Anderson].

  • In February 1938 through Nathan Goldberg there was staged in the "Parkway Theatre" K.'s play, "Bei Mir Bis Du Schoen."

  • In February 1938 there was staged K.'s play, "Semele's Bar-Mitzvah."

  • In October 1938 there was staged at the "Parkway Theatre" K.'s play, "Gambling Madness."

  • In October 1938 there was staged at the "Public Theatre" K.'s operetta, "The Wise fool" (The author has no knowledge of a play with that name.]

  • In 1938 in the "National Theatre" there was staged through Herman Yablokoff K.'s play, "Semele's Bar Mitzvah," which in March 1939 was played in Buenos Aires.

  • In March 1939 there was staged in Buenos Aires K.'s play, "Semele's Ba Mitzvah."

  • In April 1939 in Buenos Aires there was staged K.'s play, "The Slutzer Landsman."

  • In July 1939 in the Yiddish theatre of Lodz, Poland, there was staged, "Fraydele's Luck, a comedy in three acts by H. Kalmanowitz, adapted and stage-directed by Ida Kaminska."

  • The play was earlier staged under the name, "Fraydele Becomes a Bride," through Jennie Goldstein in the "McKinley Square Theatre."

  • On 29 December 1939 there was staged by Jacob Ben Ami and Jacob Mestel in the "National Theatre" K.'s play, "Life Marches On," which in August 1940 was staged in Buenos Aires under the name, "Der letster mazl tov."

  • In October 1941 through Samuel Goldinburg there was staged in the "Nat "Her first ional Theatre" K.'s play, "The Man of Tomorrow."

  • In October 1941 in the "Second Avenue Theatre" there was staged by Herman Yablokoff K.'s operetta, "Live and Laugh."

  • In January 1942 in the "Hopkinson Theatre" there was staged K.'s comedy-drama, "Her First Lie."

  • In April 1942 in Chicago, in the "Douglas Park Theatre," there was staged through Ben Zion Witler, K.'s "Home Sweet Home" as "Motl the Peddler"), in 1946 through him in the "Teatro Mitre" in Buenos Aires and in other cities where he guest-starred.

  • In 1950 in the "Second Avenue Theatre," under the direction of Jacob Kalich, there was staged (with Molly Picon in the title role), K.'s "Mazl tov, Molly" (Music by Joseph Rumshinsky).

  • In 1953 Menachem Rubin staged in the "Parkway Theatre" K.'s play, "In Every Home" (music by Sholom Secunda).

  • In 1954 in the "Parkway Theatre" there was staged (with Miriam Kressyn and Edmund Zayenda) K.'s play, "Will They Remember?", which in 1962 under the name "Go, Fight City Hall," was staged in the "Mayfair Theatre" under the direction of Menachem Rubin.

  • In 1958 Molly Picon performed in K.'s and Jacob Kalich's operetta, "The Lost Honeymoon," which in New York played or thirty-nine weeks, and then across the province.

  • In October 1957 in the "National Theatre" there was staged "It Could Happen to You, a lebnsbild by Harry Kalmanowitz and Louis Freiman, adapted and stage directed by Herman Yablokof."

  • In October 1957 through Nathan Goldberg there was staged  in the "Labor Temple" in New York, K.'s play, "Money Isn't Everything."

  • In the span from 1942 until 1952 over the Yiddish radio in New York, there were staged K.'s 2700 sketches," My Mother and I" and "Three Generations."
     

Sh. E.

  • Zalmen Reyzen-- "Lexicon of Yiddish Literature," Vol. III, pp. 697-698.

  • B. Gorin-- "History of Yiddish Theatre," Vol. II, 273, 281.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- "Geburth kontrol," "Forward," N.Y., 10 August 1916.

  • Y. Slonim-- Kalmanovitsh'es "di verth fun a mame" in liberty theater, "Di varhayt," N.Y., 12 Sept. 1917.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- Oyf brodvay un in bronzvil, dort, 12 October 1917.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- "Di verth fun a mame," "Forward," N.Y., 19 Oct. 1917.

  • D. B. [Sh. Yanovski]-- In theater, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 27 October 1917.

  • B. Gorin-- Tsvey naye shtiker in idishen teater, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 15 Nov. 1918.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- Kalmanovitshes a piese in gebil's theater, "Forverts," N.Y., 22 Nov. 1918.

  • D.B.-- In theater, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 27 October 1918.

  • D.B.-- In theater, dort, 21 Dec. 1918.

  • Israel the Yankee-- Op-stayrs un doun-stayrs, "Yidishe tagblat," N.Y., 10 January 1919.

  • Der kritiker-- In der teater velt, "Gerekhtikeyt," N' 36, 1919.

  • Shmuel Deyksel-- In teater, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 8 Nov. 1919.

  • Aaron Rosen-- Fun doun toun biz bronx, "Yidishe tagblat," N.Y., 9 Dec. 1921.

  • B. Gorin-- Der meshugener, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 27 Jan. 1922.

  • Aaron Rosen-- "Yenem's vayb" in pipls theater, "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 17 March 1922.

  • P. Novik-- Unzer folks-teater, "Frayhayt," N.Y., 20 Oct. 1922.

  • Ab. Cahan-- Di naye operetke in thomashefsky's theater, "Forverts," N.Y., 10 November 1922.

  • Israel the Yankee-- Tantz, gezang un vayn, "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 30 Nov. 1922.

  • J. Entin-- Dos yidishe theater haynt un morgn, "Di tsukunft," N.Y., December 1922.

  • A. Ts. R.-- "Khava's tekhter," "Di tsayt," London, 7 January 1923.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- "Fargesene mames," "Forward," N.Y., 26 January 1923.

  • B. Gorin-- Der gazln, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 22 Feb. 1923.

  • A. Epstein-- Ludvig zatz als "gazln," "Tog," N.Y., 2 March 1923.

  • J. Entin-- Dos teater bay unz yiden un bay zay, Di moskver, "Tsukunft," N.Y., March 1923.

  • An'altn Bakantn-- Kumt tsu unz! Shreybt fun unz! "Frayhayt," N.Y., 5 Oct. 1923.

  • Aksel-- A farblonjete piese, "Fraye arbete shtime," N.Y., 12 October 1923.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- Leon blank in dem "vatshman," "Forward," N.Y., 17 October 1923.

  • Israel the Yankee-- Leon blank in "der vatshman," "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 25 January 1924.

  • Alef-Alef-- Der triumf fun a kinstler in an operete, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 25 January 1924.

  • B.I. Goldstein-- Tsvay komedies, "Tog," N.Y., 25 January 1924.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- "Dem taten's zundel," Di naye operete in neshonal theater, "Forward," N.Y., 8 February 1924.

  • J. Entin-- Der letster teater sezon, "Tsukunft," N. Y., June 1924.

  • Pini bel Lshon-- Di erefnungs-piese fun zilbert's theater, "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 10 Oct. 1924.

  • N. Buchwald-- Falsh vi a fotorgrafie, "Frayhayt," N.Y., 7 November 1924.

  • B.Y. Goldstein-- "Di eybige naronim" "Tog," N.Y., 7 Nov. 1924.

  • L. Kesner-- "Eybike naronim," "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 7 Nov. 1924.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni-- In a shtil vaser, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 7 Nov. 1924.

  • Regidebl-- Drame eyn, drama oys, "Der groyser kunds," N.Y., 7 Nov. 1924.

  • L. Kristol-- A publikum fun eybike naronim, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 7 Nov. 1924.

  • Ab. Cahan-- A naye piese in irving plays theater, "Forward," N.Y., 14 Nov. 1924.

  • L. Kristol-- Strindberg oyf der linker zays, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 10 January 1925.

  • J. Entin-- Der mazl'diger bokher, "Di naye varhayt," N.Y., 27 March 1925.

  • L. Kesner-- "Der mazl'diger bokher, "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 27 March 1925.

  • Alter Epstein-- "Der mazl-diger bokher," Tog," N.Y., 10 April 1925.

  • M. Ring-- "Der mazl'diger bokher," "Frayhayt," N.Y., 10 April 1925.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni-- Di komedye fun tpshut, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 17 April 1925.

  • H.M. [Harry Meyer]-- "Eybige naronim," "Di tsayt," London, 26 June 1925.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- In grend teater, "Forward," N.Y., 11 September 1925.

  • Israel the Yankee-- "Stepmames," a tragedye-drame in hopkinson teater, "Yiddishe tageblatt," N.Y., 29 September 1926.

  • Ab. Cahan-- An interesante melodrame fun dem gantz gevenlikhen lebn in hopkinson teater in bronzvil, "Forward," N.Y., 1 Oct. 1926.

  • Israel the Yankee-- "Shtifmames," "Yiddishes tageblatt," N.Y., 22 Oct. 1926.

  • A.K.-- Di piese "shtef-mames" in bronzvill un in nyu york, "Forward," N.Y., 29 October 1926.

  • Ab. Cahan-- Di naye operete in neshonal teater, "Forward," N.Y., 8 Dec. 1926.

  • Dr. Y. Kritikus-- In der velt fun teater, "Amerikaner," N.Y., 17 Dec. 1926.

  • M. Melamed-- Ludvig zatz-- a yidisher gazln, "Di yidishe velt," Philadelphia, 25 May 1927.

  • Ts.R. [Romanovski]-- Di "shtifmames," "Di tsayt," London, 13 June 1927.

  • L. Fogelman-- Naye piesn in hopkinson un in lyrik teater, "Forward," N.Y., 16 Dec. 1927.

  • Ab. Cahan-- Di naye operete in dem sekond evenyu teater, "Forward," N.Y., 13 January 1928.

  • H. Lyonski-- "Tsvey khaverim," Amerikanishe melodrame in 5 aktn fun v. sigel, "Kalisher lebn," Kalish, N' 18, 1928.

  • Spektator [N. Frank]-- "Di tsvey khaverim" fun kalmanovitsh, geshpilt un oyfgefirt durkh julius adler, "Parizer haynt," Paris, 23 March 1928.

  • M. Shemash-- In Yidishn teater, "Di yidishe bekert shtime," N.Y., 21 Sept. 1928.

  • A. Flamstein-- "Zayn mames gelibter" vos vert itst geshp;ilt in prospekt teater, "Tog," N.Y., 19 Oct. 1928.

  • M. L. Fogelman-- Di operete in prospekt teater, "Forward," N.Y., 23 Oct. 1928.

  • L. Fogelman-- "Di eybige mame-- a naye piese in dem "yidishn folks-teater," "Forward," N.Y., 2 November 1928.

  • L. Fogelman-- "Farbotene fargenigens" in neshonel teater, dort, 7 Dec. 1928.

  • J. Entin-- Piesn vos zaynen geshpilt gevorn hayntign sezon, "Di yidishe arbeter shtime," N.Y., January 1929.

  • Y.B.-- "Di eybike mame" fun h. kalmanowitsh oyfgefirst in teater "argentina," "Di prese," Buenos Aires, 4 March 1929.

  • Kh. Ehrenreich-- "Di eybige mame" get shoyn 25 vokhn, "Forward," N.Y., 22 March 1929.

  • N. Tsuker-- Teater argentina: "Di eybike mame" fun h. kalmanowitsh, "Argentiner tog," Buenos Aires, 24 March 1929.

  • Sh.R.-- Agemitlekhe melodrame in "argentine," "eybiker naronim" fun kalmanovitsh, "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 27 May 1929.

  • Kritikus-- "Di yidishe mame" fun kalmanovitsh, "Di tsayt," London, 19 May 1929.

  • Sh.R.-- A gemitlekhe melodrame in "argentine," "Eybike naronim" fun kalmanovitsh, "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 27 May 1929.

  • Sh.R.-- "Mame, ikh vil a khosn" fun h. kalmanovitsh, baarbet fun sh. steinberg, in teater argentine, dort, 19 August 1929.

  • M.G. [M. Niser]-- "Mame, ikh vil a khosn!," (operete fun kalmanovitsh, musik aranzhirt fun m. hokhberg) in teater "argentine," "Argentiner tog," Buenos Aires, 20 August 1929.

  • Sh.R.-- Sara skulnik's debut in "ekselsior." Far ire kinder fun h. kalmanovitsh, "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 26 August 1929.

  • Sh.R.-- A leykhte komedye, oyfgefirt fun m. skulnik, "Da"ts", Buenos Aires, 5 Sept. 1929.

  • Aaron Kanevsky-- Artsh teater hot zikh geefnt mit a melodrame fun kalmanovitsh, "Der tog," Philadelphia, 12 October 1929.

  • Sh. Pan-- "A lebn far a mame," "Post," London, 30 Oct. 1929.

  • L. Fogelman-- "Der eybiker tants" in roland teater, "Forward," N.Y., 1 Nov. 1929.

  • Kritikus-- Di tsvey khazanim (oyfgefirt durkh tomashevsky in pavilion), "Di tsayt," London, 20 January 1930.

  • D. Kaplan-- Madam berta kalish in a nayer piese in neshonel teater, "Forward," N.Y., 21 February 1930.

  • B.Y. Goldstein-- Oyf der teater avenyu, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 25 April 1930.

  • Sh.R.-- "Yo a man, un nisht a man" fun h. kalmanovitsh, oygefirt in "teater nueva," "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 27 May 1930.

  • Morris Meyer-- Ludvig zatz, der meystr-komiker als der "gazln" in kalmanovitshes tragi-komedye, "Tsayt," London, 1 June 1930.

  • J. Shayak-- Tsu zatz's oyffirung fun "gazln," "Di post," London, 1 June 1930.

  • Sh. Pan-- "Der goiser fardiner" fun kalmanovitsh oyfgefirt fun hymie prizant, "Post," London, 11 June 1930.

  • Sh. Pan-- Groyser erfolg in pavilion teater fun lusi un misha german in "di eybike mame," dort, 11 June 1930.

  • Kritikus-- "Di eybike mame" fun kalmanovitsh oyfgefirt fun misha german mit lusi german in der hoyptrole, "Tsayt," London, 12 June 1930.

  • Elkhanon Zeitlin-- Brava, ludik zatz!, "Unzer ekspres," Warsaw, 20 June 1930.

  • M. Kipnis-- Ludvik zatz der yidisher charlie chaplin in "der gazln," "Haynt," Warsaw, 25 June 1930.

  • Bet-Shin-- Zatz--der "gazln," "naye folkstsaytung," Warsaw, 25 June 1930.

  • Hillel Zeitlin-- "Dos heylike shnayderl," "Moment," Warsaw, 4 July 1930.

  • B. Karlinius-- Teater-notitsn, dort, 8 July 1930.

  • Noakh Prilutsky-- "Klang un opklung," dort, 8 July 1930.

  • Dr. Moshe Lustig-- "Der gazln" fun kalmanovitsh, "Morgn," Lemberg, 21 July 1930.

  • M. Kipnis-- "Di eybige mame," "Haynt," Warsaw, 12 August 1930.

  • William Edlin-- "Dos meydl fun amol"-- in moly pikon's folks teater, "Tog," N.Y., 3 Oct. 1930.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- Rumshinsky's naye operete "dos meydl fun amol," "Forward," N.Y., 3 Oct. 1930.

  • Teater mentsh-- Onhoyb fun nayem sezon in yidishn teater, "Di eybike mame" fun kalmanovitsh, "Nayer folksblat," Lodz, 12 Oct. 1930.

  • B.Y. Goldstein-- Oyf der teater evenyu, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 21 Nov. 1930.

  • Y. Rabinowitz-- "Fun got fargesene," "Kendeder adler," Montreal, 3 Dec. 1930.

  • William Edlin-- Tsile adler in der piese "zay a mame," "Tog," N.Y., 2 January 1931.

  • L. Fogelman-- Tsilie adler in der nayer piese "zay a mame," in hopkinson teater, "Forward," N.Y., 2 January 1931.

  • Y. Rabinowitz-- Di germans in montreal, "Keneder odler," Montreal, 18 March 1931.

  • Y. Rabinowitz-- Tsile adler in kalmanovitshes nayer piese, dort, Montreal, 22 April 1931.

  • B.Y. Goldstein-- A mentsh iz git keyn melakh, ober a shuth?, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 8 May 1931.

  • Sholem Perlmutter-- Vi kalmanovitsh'es nayeste piese "a mentsh iz nit keyn melakh" vert geshpilt fun goldenburg's troupe, "Tog," 15 May 1931.

  • Y. Rabinowitz-- "Farvos mener antloyfn," "Keneder odler," Montreal, 24 September 1931.

  • L. Fogelman-- "Azoy iz dos lebn"-- naye piese in folks teater, "Forward," N.Y., 25 Sept. 1931.

  • William Edlin-- Tsvey piesn in dem yidishn teatre-- a familien bild un a melodrame, "Tog," N.Y., 2 Oct. 1931.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni-- Gezang un shpil, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 2 Oct. 1931.

  • Ray Raskin-- Di folks-mame, "Unzer folk," N.Y., 7 Oct. 1931.

  • B.Y. Goldstein-- In tsvey teaters, "Fraye arbeter shtime," N.Y., 16 Oct. 1931.

  • Aksel-- Fun doun-toun biz bronks, dort, 23 Dec. 1931.

  • Ab. Cahan-- A naye kalmanovitsh piese in dem folks-teater, "Forward," N.Y., 28 January 1932.

  • L. Finkel-- "Mame un shviger," in liberty teater, "Tog," N.Y., 7 Oct. 1932.

  • D. Kaplan-- "Mame un shviger," in  dem liberty teater, "Forward," N.Y., 14 Oct. 1932. Eksperiment in a nayer rol, "Tog," N.Y., 23 Dec. 1932.

  • Elkhanon Zeitlin-- Yudish teater in varsha, "Unzer ekspres," Warsaw, 5 July 1933.

  • Z. Artur-- In geyeg nokh a problem, "Naye folkstsaytung," Warsaw, 10 August 1933.

  • N.M. [Maisel]-- Lusi un misha german in "novoshtshii," Literarishe bleter, Warsaw, N' 27, 1933.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Ludvig zatz's debut in teater "soleil," "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 5 July 1934.

  • An [a. Vaserman]-- "Ester" fun a. kalmanovitsh, "Haynt batog," Riga, 20 Sept. 1934.

  • Sh.R.-- "Azoy iz dos lebn" un...azoy darf men shpiln a shene melodrame, "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 21 April 1935.

  • T. Beilin-- "Shtifmames," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 2 June 1935.

  • L. Fogelman-- "In a hoyz fun gloz," naye piese in parkvay teater, "Forward,"  N.Y., 18 Oct. 1935.

  • Jacob Kirschenbaum-- In tsvey brukliner teaters, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 18 Oct. 1935.

  • I. Fried-- "In a hoyz fun gloz, "Morgn fryayhayt," N.Y., 18 Oct. 1935.

  • N.B. Linder-- "Unzere familye-lebns," a baneyte mitvokh-piese in neshonal teater, "Tog," N.Y., 6 Nov. 1935.

  • L. Fogelman-- Lustige muzikalishe komedye in poblik teater, "Forward," N.Y., 6 Dec. 1935.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni-- Tsvey operetn, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 8 Dec. 1935.

  • Ab. Cahan-- Der hayntiger yidisher teater sezon "Forward," N.Y., 14 Dec. 1935.

  • L. Fogelman-- Eyne fun h. kalmanovitsh's lebnsbilder oyfgefirt in bronks art teater, "Tog," N.Y., 16 Jan. 1935.

  • E. Fleischman-- "Velkhe froy iz gerekht?"-- a naye familyyen-drame geshpilt in parkvay teater, dort, 30 Jan. 1936.

  • Ab. Cahan-- Kalmanovitsh'es a naye piese in parkvay teater, "Forward," N.Y., 14 February 1936.

  • I. Fried-- Familien-drame in parkvay teater, "Morgn frayhayt," N.Y., 28 February 1936.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Sem. goldenburg's debut, a kinstler-ovent, "Yidishe tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 9 April 1936.

  • Dr. L. Zhitnitsky-- "In lebn treft alts," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 9 April 1936.

  • N.B. Linder-- Ludvig zatz un tsilie adler in a piese fun kalmanovitsh'en parkvay teater, "Tog," N.Y., 11 April 1936.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni-- Shpiel un kunds'erey, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 17 April 1936.

  • S. Regensberg-- Ludvig zatz un tsilie adler in kalmanovitshe's "di tsveyte libe,""Di yidishe velt," Philadelphia, 29 April 1936.

  • T. Beilin-- Notitsn un bamerkungen, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 5 June 1936.

  • W. Bressler-- "In a rumenisher kretshme," "Morgn tsaytung," Buenos Aires, 5 June 1936.

  • W. Bressler-- "A mentsh iz nit keyn melakh," dort, 29 June 1936.

  • A. Kriger-- Nit azoy mazl-dig, "Morgn frayhayt," N.Y., 13 Nov. 1936.

  • Moishe Nadir-- Teatrale ekskursies, "Signal," N.Y., November 1936.

  • T. Beilin-- Notitsn un bamerkungen, "Di prese," Buenos Aires, 2 Apri 1937.

  • Yankev Botoshansky-- H. kalmanovitsh a reyner balmelokhe, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 16 April 1937.

  • Charles Rusianov-- "Bay mir biztu shen," kalmanovitsh's naye piese in parkvay teater, "Forward," N.Y., 18 February 1938.

  • William Edlin-- "Bay mir biztu shen," di naye kalmanovitsh piese in parkvay teater, "Tog," N.Y., 20 February 1938.

  • Joel Entin-- Teater, "Der yidisher kemfer," N.Y., 18 March 1938.

  • A. M-n-- Di forshtelung "semeles bar mitzvah" in "studebeyker teater," "Yidisher kurier," Chicago, 6 May 1938.

  • Y.R.-- 'Semeles bar mitzvah," "Keneder odler," Montreal, 25 May 1938.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Teater-retsenies, "Ad"ts," Buenos Aires, 26 June 1938.

  • Dr. L. Zhitnitsky-- Der debut fun menashe skulnik in der opeete "senior shlumiel," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 26 June 1938.

  • William Edlin-- "Kartn meshugenes," oyfgefirt in parkvay teater, "Tog," N.Y., 8 Oct. 1938.

  • D. Kaplan-- Kalmanovitsh's naye piese in parkvay teater, "Forward," N.Y., 11 Oct. 1938.

  • L. Fogelman-- "Der kluger nar"-- a naye operete in poblik teater, dort, 14 Oct. 1938.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Teater-retsenzies, "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 3 April 1939.

  • Dr. L. Zhitnitsky-- Der debut fun s. goldenberg in teater "ambu," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 2 July 1939.

  • Teater-mentsh-- Fun yudishn teater, "Naye folksblat," Lodz, 19 July 1939.

  • T. Beilin-- Notitsn un bamerkungen, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 25 August 1939.

  • Zalmen Zylbercweig-- "Album of the Yiddish Theatre," New York, 1937, pp. 27, 29, 102, 108, 110.

  • William Edlin-- "Dos lebn get on"--di tsveyte piese fun hayntigen sezon in neshonal teater, "Tog," N.Y., 5 January 1940.

  • Efrim Auerbach-- "Dos lebn get on" in neshonal teater, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 5 January 1940.

  • Ab. Cahan-- H. kalmanovitsh'es a naye piese in neshonal teater, "Forward," N.Y., 6 Jan. 1940.

  • Yankev Botoshansky-- Tsvishn forhang in leyvnt, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 16 February 1940.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Teater-retsenzies, "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 29 July 1940.

  • Shmuel Rozhansky-- Teater-retsenzies, "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 20 August 1940.

  • Ab. Cahan-- A naye kalmanovitsh piese in goldenburg's neshonal teater, "Forward," Chicago, 11 Oct. 1941.

  • Hillel Rogoff-- "Leb un lakh" in sekond evenyu teater, "Forward," N.Y., 17 Oct. 1941.

  • William Edlin-- "Der mensh fun morgen"-- di naye piese in neshonal teater, "Tog," N.Y., 17 Oct. 1941.

  • Kh. Gutman-- Der mensh fun morgen, "Morning Journal," N.Y., 24 Oct. 1941.

  • William Edlin-- "Leb un lakh"-- yablokov's groyse oyffirung dem sezon in sekond evenyu teater, "Tog," N.Y., 14 Nov. 1941.

  • Leon Kristol-- Der nayer sezon in yidishn teater, "Tsukunft," N.Y., December 1941.

  • Joel Entin-- Dos yidishe teater in mitn sezon, "Der yidisher kempfer," N.Y., 26 Dec. 1941.

  • B. Levitin-- "Ir ershter lign," a feyne komedye-drame in hopkinson, "Forward," 30 January 1942.

  • Sh. Zamd-- "Heym, zise heym," geshpilt in doglas park teater, "Forward," Chicago,1 May 1942.

  • T. Beilin-- "Heym, zise heym," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 2 June 1946.

  • E. Kh.-- Leo fuks loybt farfaser fun "mendl der kontnentel," Forward, N.Y., 4 April 1952.

  • Sholem Perlmutter-- "Yidishe dramaturgn un teater-kompozitors," New York, 1952, pp. 284-295.

  • L. Fogelman-- Naye forshtelung in neshonal teater oyf sekond evenyu, "Forward," N.Y., 1 Nov. 1957.

  • Chaim Ehrenreich-- Tsvey ovntn in teater-- "doun-toun un "optoun," "Forward," N.Y., 1 Nov. 1957.


 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 4, page 3691.
 

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