In 1895 K. joined
the Kaminski troupe and traveled with them for four
years in Russia. In 1899 he joined Kompaneyets
[troupe] as a comedian and then joined Stambulka’s[?]. Later K. worked with Fishzon in Warsaw
and also was introduced to Krause-Miller, who later
became his wife,
on stage. Soon afterwards, K. founded his own
troupe, later joined Sabsey, next he traveled with
his own troupe and then returned to Fishzon.
Zina Rappel told how in
Kiev, Fishzon, the director of the troupe, asked K.
to teach her “German” so she could play roles in the
“Krause felt very [geshmeikhelt=con-like]
that I took lessons from him. He said that once I
knew “German” I would be a great actress. However,
he taught me the roles in “German” not to play for
Fishzon, but for totally different reasons.
notice[?] that he had been deceiving the government
by acting in Yiddish, not German, and while Fishzon
was busy intervening on behalf of his troupe, K.
made a deal with [tzunoifshreiben?] with
Kompaneyets who was performing with his troupe in Priloki and K with Zina
Rappel and a few other actors joined his troupe."
Rappel wrote that K.
continued to tutor her, behaving like a devoted [getreier] brother.
Wandering through cities
and villages, the troupe arrived to perform in
Lodz. K. left Kompaneyets’s troupe and set up a
small troupe with which he traveled to villages
around Lodz, doing good business,
“However, Krause’s ambition”, Rappel wrote, “was to
compete[?] in a big way[?] and arriving in Elisavetgrad, he engaged Meerson
as stage director”. The troupe grew bigger,
business got worse, and K. reunited with Kompaneyets
In the meantime the
Russian-Japanese war broke out and theatre business
became very bad, as Rappel wrote:
“Krause was a man who
was not afraid and did
not change his aspirations to support
the troupe, and thus he came to an understanding with Kornblit from Constantinople and signed a contract
For a few months, the
troupe performed in Constantinople and K. staged Pinski’s “The Zvi Family”.
In 1909 K. married
Gorenka (Miriam Gurewich), the Ukrainian-Yiddish
actress and both toured Russia and then
Constantinople. In Constantinople they performed
Gordin’s repertoire for three months, then toured
Rumania (with Aaron Lebedeff and Misha and Celia
Boodkin before going to Warsaw.
Later, when the
“Fareinikete Troupe” [The United Troupe] was set up,
K. became its stage manager, producing a few
plays, among them Paula R’s “Motel the Shoemaker”
with Esther Rachel Kaminska as the leading lady. K. then
got in touch with America to import the new
repertoire of Yiddish theatre. After the
collapse of the “United Troupe”, K. set up the
“Spivakovsky-Krause Troupe”. In Kiev, K. met Peretz
Sandler who was conducting in a Russian operetta
theatre and had him join the Yiddish theatre.
In 1913 K. and Miriam
Gurewich arrived in America, where they played for
one year before K. returned to Warsaw but, due to
the First World War, he began to wander about in Russia. Upon
returning to America he divorced Gurewich, later
married a woman who was not an actress, became
stage manager of various troupes and also acted.
During the season of
“The Goldene Keyt” ( The Gold Chain) K. was engaged
at the Yiddish Art Theatre. In his memoirs,
Maurice Schwartz wrote as follows:
“The actor Shlomo Krause
excelled in the episodic role of a Chasid who comes to
his rabbi in order to ask for advice. Due to his good acting
and serious attitude to the theatre, Shlomo was
signed up as a permanent member of the troupe, and that
he would stay with the troupe for as long as he
lived, and so Shlomo Krause was always the first to
From then on, every
season, K. was tied to the “Yiddish Art Theatre”,
sometimes playing small episodic roles and
occasionally, especially in dramas, a few
greater roles in which he demonstrated tremendous
devotion and serious attitude, making the critics
happy every time.
On 29 April 1950 K.
passed away in New York and was buried in the
Montefiore Cemetery in St. Albans, Long Island, New
M. E. and
Sh. E. from Wolf Mercur.
Aharon Lager – Yiddish
theatre does not rest[won’t rest?], “Di Yiddishe Zeitung”, B”A, 5 October 1930.
Aharon Lager- Going on
tour to Constantinople, ibid., 10,12,15 October
Maurice Schwatrz tells,” Forv.”, L.A. 22 December
Nehemia Zucker- “Yiddish
theatre for generations”, Buenos Aires, 1944’ pp.
Julius Adler- Stories
from the world of Yiddish theatre, “M”P”, N.Y., 21
September, 2 October 1949.
Boaz Young – “My life in
the theatre”, New York, 1950, pp. 275-76.