Lives in the Yiddish
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN
THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"
Joseph Judah Lerner
L. was born on 13 January
1847 [according to S. Borovoy -- 1 January 1849] in
Berdichev, Ukraine, to pious parents. Until age thirteen
he studied Jewish subjects, then went away to Zhitomir,
where he attended the gymnasium.
In 1862 he debuted under the
pseudonym of Yosef Yoel Herdner in "Kol mevaser (The
Herald)" (10-11) with a biography about the remarkable
Yiddish folk musician Michael Joseph Guzikov. and in the
Russian press in the year 1865 in "Kievskiy Telegraph".
1866 -- settled in Odessa,
where he was for a year's time a free listener
(auditor?) at the Jewish faulted of the New Russian
In the span of ten years, L. was a steady contributor to
the "Odessa Vistnik", and also participated in other
Russian newspapers such as "Novo", "Kievevlyanin?",
"Russian Telegraph" in the Russian supplement of "HaKarmel"
and wrote in the Hebrew and Yiddish literature.
L. -- according to Z. Reyzen
-- was one of the first among the new Jewish-Russian
intellectuals who rejected the conditions and the
zelbstvert of Yiddish and had at first popularized the
Yiddish literature for the Russian reader. His Russian
brochure about Oxenfeld's (partially cited in Reyzen's
"Fun mendelson biz mendele", pp. 363-65) is perhaps the
meynes critical work about a Yiddish writer. In his
superiority to Yiddish he had, as a
journalist, but not ashamed, also to write Yiddish
in a time when ... more to translate.....
Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the "Lexicon
of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig,
Volume 2, page 1162.
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