Lives in the Yiddish
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN
THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"
Born on 27 September 1897 in Warsaw, Poland into a
Chasidic family. Learned in cheders, yeshivas, etc. With
hardships he was permitted to learn his studies also
with a teacher. Through his cousin, the actor Chaim
Grinshpan, he became familiar with Yiddish theatre and
moreover came to a strong request (?) Participated in a
dramatic circle with Warsaw’s “Hazamir”, and then
immigrated for two years with Nathan Goldberg across
Poland. Due to the First World War, he was prevented
from acting in Poland in Yiddish, and had to therefore
put on productions at dances and wedding halls under the
mask of dance evenings and weddings.
At the end of 1914 he went away to Minsk, and there with
actors and “amateurs”, he put together a collective and
acted in Shabbes matinees. Gave fifty-percent discounts
to the Russian Red Cross, but after performing several
times, the productions became banned. 1915 – went back
to Warsaw and there prompted with the “Artist’s Vinkele”
with “Hazamir”. Then he went on tour with Esther Rukhl
Kaminska across Poland and the Ukraine. After the
October Revolution he entered into the troupe of Rudolf
Zaslavaky and (?) Luxembourg. 1920 – participated in
Poltava’s “Kunst vinkl”, which migrated in 1921 across
to Kremenchug and then to Kharkov. Since 1922 he settled
into the theatre in Kiev, where L. participated as an
evening regisseur until 1928.
1929 – went over to being a stage manager in the
all-Ukrainian state theatre for small forms, “Gez-kult”,
where he was active until
1930. Later he went over to Kiev’s film factory,
where he went through a six-month course in the film
1931 – worked for eight months as stage inspector in
the first ulfarbandisn Polish theatre in
Kiev, then worked organizationally and
administratively in the “pedagogical
Jewish-Ukrainian state theatre for children” in
Kiev, where he served in the school council of the
National Minderheytn, Yiddish technicums,
professional school, etc.
L. also organized and traveled with dramatic works
in Yiddish worker clubs in the Ukraine and
participated in several Russian films.
L. was a co-founder and active collector for the
theatre section of the “Mendele Museum” in Odessa, a
collaborator in the Yiddish theatre department of
the “All-Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia” (“Are”), and
the correspondent for the “Lexicon of the Yiddish
Theatre” in the Soviet Union.
During the Second World War, L. was brought by the
Nazis into a “death ravine” at Babi Yar in Kiev. His
wife suffered from the same fate. Their one and only
son was heroically killed in the ravines during the
Sh. E. from Yonah Radinov.
Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre”, Warsaw, 1934,
Vol. 2, p. 1076.
Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the "Lexicon
of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig,
Volume 5, page 4553.
You can read the original
Lexicon biography of Mark Leyptsiker in its second volume, published
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