M. was born on 26 March 1904
in Warsaw, Poland, to poor parents. From age seven until
ten he learned in Lublin, where he had moved to. Then he
learned for four years in a Polish-Yiddish school.
Encouraged by his father (a frequent theatre attendee
and a member of the dramatic circle), M. founded at the
age of fifteen a children's troupe, which had on each
Sabbath afternoon in a wedding wall, acted for children
their repertoire, which they had seen in the theatre, or
in drama circle. An impresario soon took over the
children's troupe to act in a theatre which adults
visited) and shortly thereafter the troupe toured across
At the age of sixteen M. was
an errand boy for the Yiddish troupe of Hershkovitsh,
where he became a year later the scenarist, then
prompter and in the end regisseur., also receiving small
roles from time to time.
After being two-and-a-half
years in the troupe, with whom he also toured across the
[rand] areas, M. went to Warsaw, where he in 1923
entered into the troupe of Zigmunt Turkow and Ida
Kaminska as a actor. He acted with them for six months
in the Vilna region and later in Warsaw's Central
Theatre (until May 1924), toured then with "Vik't"
(until May 1926) across Poland and Rumania. There he
went over to the Vilna Troupe, and he participated in a
troupe with Potocka across the Polish province. In
1930-31 he acted in the "Meutis Theatre" in Riga
(Lettland), in 1931-32 in Warsaw's "Yiddish Dramatic
Theatre" (Leader -- Dr. M. Weichert).