Yekhezkel Moshe Neyman
Born in 1893 in Zhichlin,
Warsaw region, Poland. Father -- a horepashnik,
mother -- descended from gravestone engravers, carvers
and school builders. When N. was a year old, his parents
moved to Lodz, where they maintained a bar, and in order
to keep him far from the bar environment, they sent him
to learn to an uncle, a rabbi in a yeshiva in Ozorkow,
where N. was known as "the Lodzer feygele" (from
which his future pseudonym "a feygl" was
At age ten he left the
yeshiva, acted together with several German youths with
acid(?), and earned money in Lodz's progymnasium of
1909 -- entered into a
technical school, three years worked as a mechanic,
excelled in school as a draftsman and, together with his
school friends (the future painter) Marek Schwartz,
oysgearbet the iron gate for the Wilker school in
Lodz, although gehert the entire time to the best
students, and he was however through the throwing of the
exam into a student journal couplets and satirical
caricatures of a teacher(?).
Still as a student he also
began to write in the press, and he had during wartime
composed political monologues that were "presented" by
actor Hershel Yedvab et al. And later he issued in
Lodz's "Heften far literatur un kunst", then he entered
as an editorial member in the Lodz's Yiddish press. 1919
-- over to Warsaw as a worker in the unionist weekly,
"Dos yuidishe folk", and from there to "Haynt", where he
often published feuilleton-like
ethical posters across
societal-social matters, with a special interest in
Yiddish theatre, and to Yiddish arts in general, with
his frequent reviews, articles and lectures.
N.'s first dramatic work was
his mystery "Kdmun", for which he had fragments
published in "Yung idish" (being a member of the Zm'h),
"Ringen" and "Literarishe bleter".
N. was a member (together
with Moshe Broderzon, Yitzhak Broyner and Henekh Kon) of
the first Yiddish marionette theatre "Khad gadya" in
Lodz, had written the prologue and epilogue to the
offering of Mendele's "Der priziv" (25 December 19223)
in Warsaw, and had together with Sholem Asch, composed a
film of Jewish-Polish life as the foundation of Sholem
In 1923 in Warsaw, there was
published N.'s "Shabes-oybs, a folks-shtik in
three acts" (163 pp., 16°), with a reproduction of a
bas-relief by Marek Schwartz.
In the "Literarishe bleter"
(N' 137, 1926), N. published his "Akademish hoyz, actual
burlesque in eight scenes".
He also wrote a comedy "Der
milyoner", and a play "Feni vadya", based on the life of
the Yiddish actress Fanny-Vadya Epstein.
N. translated form Polish
Shanyavsky's comedy "Der pepirener gelibter".
Z. Reyzen --
"Lexicon of Yiddish Literature", Vol. II, pp.
Dr. Y. Shiper --
Dramatishe verk, "Bikher-velt", Warsaw, 5, 1923.
Teater-notitsn, "Unzer folkstsaytung", Warsaw,
28 December 1923.
Eyger [A. Eynhorn]
-- Teatrale notitsen, "Nayer haynt", Warsaw, 28
B. Karlinius --
Teater-felieton, "Der moment", Warsaw, 4 January
Y. M. Neyman -- Der
yidisher shreyber tsu zeyn leyener, "LIterarishe
bleter", Warsaw, 5, 1931.