About this period,
Sholem Perlmutter wrote (in 1939):
"With Sholem Podzamce,
where also... more to translate....
[For details about the "Brodersinger"
see the "Lexicon of Yiddish Theatre," Volume 1, pp.
From Galicia G. again
went to Hungary, where he acted in vaudeville [there
it was called "variety"], and "tsuzamengetsoygene
plays" ["kestelekh (delicious)"] -- shortened
plays, which was played in an hour's time.) From
here he went to Vienna, together with Lukatsher,
where they played "variety" in a tavern, then P.
played variety in Krakow and Lember [Galicia.]
"Sholom Podzamce --
Sholem Perlmutter continues to write -- more
According to Jacob
Mestel [who began to act in Yiddish theatre in 1910
in Vienna under P.'s and Moritz Siegler's
direction), P. had a "sing-act-society" concession
in Vienna, already long before the First World War,
and since then he has constantly acted in
partnership with Yona Reizman and Herman, Moshe and
Saltshe Weinberg. Later P. was a partner with Moritz
Siegler's "Yudishe bine" in Vienna. Although P. had
staged hipshlekh "secular", he however was a
religious person and had during the last years in
Vienna led a bel-habit'ish life together with
his wife Reizele, who was the actual creative
director. P. was an episodic role player of the old
fashion and did not infrequently play women's roles
["Natasha" in Gordin's "Kreutzer Sonata"]. P. also
(under Mestel's direction) was attracted to the
production of the Vienna "Fraye yidishe folks-bine"
and participated (in 1924) in the film production of
"Yizkor," with Maurice Schwartz and the "New York
Art Theatre Troupe." He was a member of the "Abraham
Goldfaden Union" in Lemberg and of the Austrian
On 11 March 1937 he, due
to Hitler's entry into Vienna, cancelled the last
production and saved himself by going to America,
where he arrived in August 1939 in New York to his
daughter, a sister-in-law of the deceased Yiddish
theatre director Michael Sachs.
In America P. did not
perform; he only attended the Yiddish theatres,
where he happened upon many of his former friends
and students, and he passed away in New York on 24
M. E., and
M. E. from Yehuda Bleich and Lazar Freed.
Sholem Perlmutter -- Der "zayde" fun dem idishn
teater in galitsye, gekumen fun vien als
flikhtling keyn amerike, "Der tog," N. Y., 13
Jacob Mestel -- "Undzer teater," New York, 1943,
pp. 13, 14, 22, 23, 43, 46, 49, 51 and 53.