Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Chaim Polanski


P. was born on 20 July 1892 in Uman, Kiev Gubernia, Ukraine. Due to a [right of habitat=vuvin-rekht] the family was sent away, and they settled in Lodz, Poland, where his father became a worker in a beer brewery.

He completed three classes in a private school and learned Yiddish privately, later becoming an employee in a manufacturing business.

In 1915, after he became known to actor Sh. Hershkovits, he became associated with his troupe, debuting in Lublin, and afterwards he toured with the troupe across Poland.

In 1918 he was entered into Lodz's Skala Theatre (directed by Julius Adler and Herman Serotsky), and later toured for three years with Leonid Sokolov across Kovno, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia with the "Yiddish Dramatic Theatre". In 1922 he returned to Lodz and due to family matters, spent four years not participating in the theatre. Since 1926 he again returned to the theatre, most of the time in Lodz and partly went on many tours across the province.

P. had dramatized Emil Zola's novel "Nantes", also known as "Der gekoyfter man", that was staged in Lodz's "Grand Theatre" (under the direction of Adler-Serotsky-Zandberg-Waksman). He translated several one-acters from the Polish.

During the outbreak of the Second World War he saved his wife, the actress Regina Rozentsveyg, in the area of Soviet Occupation.

and together with his wife acted in the "Baveglekhn Yiddish State Theatre", which had its base in Slonim.

After that as the Germans had taken Slonim and relocated the Jews into the local ghetto, both were, as Zalmen Koleshnikov says, also here they were taken in (to the ghetto) with [khlumrshtn hiruts], that one was sent away to work in the occupied Russian field, however the Germans led them to their death.

M. E. from Zalmen Koleshinkov.

  • "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre", New York, 1959, Vol. III, pp. 1634-35.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4059.
You can read Chaim's first Lexicon biography, in volume 3, by clicking here.

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