Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Baruch Schorr

 

Born in 1823 in Lemberg, Galicia. His father was a khokhem-Moshe, a grandson of "Tbuaut Shur", a great scholar and a Rizhiner Chasid, and with him learned day and night. As a youth, S. was renowned with his learning and singing with his beautiful, old zemirot of Chasidic simkhas. At the age of nine, he already was a choir boy with R' Betsalel Odeser, and two years later with Yerakhem Hktn. For his bar-mitzvah, he davened for the first time from pages in Lemberg's municipal shul and made a strong impression.

Several years later Sh. sang with a cantor in Iasi, and there married the daughter of the rosh hkhls, and his hardships sent him to study music. At age eighteen, S. wrote his "slikhot", which he had first sung five years later as a cantor in Khotin (Bessarabia). 1848 -- became a cantor in Kamieniets-Zodolsk, and in 1851 -- cantor in the shul in Iasi, where he earlier was a choir boy. Here he created a great part of his compositions which made him very popular in the cantorial world [detailed in Zaludkovski's "Kultur-treger", pp. 88-93].

S. was then a cantor in the "Rambam's Temple" in Budapest, and since 1859 was cantor in the Lemberg municipal shul. According to Jacob Mestel, S. as he got older, lost his voice. From time to time he used to give concerts with a military orchestra.

In 1890 -- Sh. composed the text and the music for the historical operetta "Shimshen hagiber (Samson, the Hero)" [according to

 

Moshe Richter, the Hebrew writer Shmuel Filip wrote the text, and Sh. only translated it], which soon was staged in Gimpel's theatre. When they gave him a great ovation during a performance on the stage....the Lemberg Rabbi R' Itshenyu Etinger therefore punished him with four weeks of not touring the world (?). For [such] a disgrace, S. completely rejected his post and traveled off to America. Here Sh. was cantor for five years in the Attorney Street Shul, then he traveled back to Lemberg, where he again became cantor for the municipal shul, and there at home (?) passed away on Yom Kippur, 7 April 1904.

According to Moshe Shemash, Sh.'s melody, "Zbzkhus hsm", had been used by Goldfaden as a solo ("Tsi bin ikh den nit") for "Avraham" in "The Sacrifice of Isaac".

Sh.'s grandson, Friedrich Schorr, has until the time of Hitler, sung in the Berlin City Opera and then in the Metropolitan Opera in New York.


M. E. from Moshe Shemash and Jacob Mestel.

  • Z. Reyzen -- "Lexicon of Yiddish Literature", Vol. IV, pp. 567-69.

  • B. Gorin -- "History of Yiddish Theatre", Vol. II, p. 145.

  • Moshe Richter -- Di refarmirung fun der idisher bine in galitsien, "Der theater shpiegel", N. Y., 6, 1909.

  • Sholem Perlmutter -- Baruch shur z"l, "di geshikhte fun khznus", (N. Y., 1924, redagirt fun aharon rozen), pp. 89-91.

  • L. -- Oyf der shvel fun teater, "Di idishe tseytung", Buenos Aires, 26 June 1930.

  • Elihu Zaludkovsky -- "Kultur-treger fun der idisher liturgye", Detroit, 1930, pp. 88-93.

  • Herman Svet -- An'unferdienter baykat!, "Moment", Warsaw, 10 November 1933.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 3, page 2141.
 

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