Born on 21 December 1910 in
Vilna, Polish Lithuania. Father -- a furrier. Still in
the Yiddish folkshul, that he had completed, he
manifested a strong interest for the theatre. He
participated in the children's productions, and then
with amateurs. Influenced by the productions of the
"Vilna Troupe", he went to Warsaw in 1929 where he
joined in the Yiddish theatre studio et al of Dr. M.
Weichert, which was later transformed into Warsaw's
"Yung Theatre", where Sh. acted as "Der rikhter" in
Upton Sinclair's "Boston", "Der alter geger" and L.
Mlakh's "Mississippi", "Der balebos" in
Goldfaden-Brand's "Trupe tanentsap", "Der yungermantshik"
in Jacob Preger's "Simkha plakhte", and later entered
into the "Teater far yugnt" et al, for Clara Segalovitsh,
where he acted as "R' Avraamtshe" in Itsik
Manger-Goldfaden's "Di kishuf-makherin".
Sh. also had worked in
Vilna's marionette theatre "Meydem", and was one of the
founders of the revue theatre "Dvka".
Sh. wrote the program for a
small-arts production with Buzgan, Bozyk and Landau, and
in 1940 he acted with the troupe of Kadish-Khash.
After the outbreak of the
Second World War, Sh. was found in Pinsk, where he had
acted in the newly founded Jewish State Theatre, but
soon thereafter, after the Nazi invasion of Soviet
Russia, Sh. started her itinerant ways, that led him
into the ranks of the Polish army, where he participated
in many battles, dergeyendik until Dresden.
In 1946 Sh. returned to
Poland and entered into a newly createtd Yiddish theatre
in Nider-Shlezien. Here he performed as "Avraham -Yakov"
in Hirshbein's "Griner felder", 'Shmuel-Shimkha" in
Hirshbein's "Shmids tekhter", "Siomke" in Sholem
Aleichem's "Der blutiker shpas", and "Mordechai" in
Chaim Slove's "Hmns mplh". Since the Jewish state
theatre went to Warsaw, Sh. was therein associated with
it, and went on a tour with the troupe across Western
and Eastern Europe, the land of Israel, and South and
North America. In that theatre Sh. created the role of "Shimele
soroker" in Sholem Aleichem's "Dos groyse gevins", "Ershter
hotsmakh" in "A goldfaden-khlum", "Der teper" in "Monsera"
by Robles, "Nechumtse" in Gordin's "Mirele efros", "Kalman
shadchen" and the "other Kuni Lemel" in Goldfaden's "Beyde
kuni lemel", "R' Shabtai" in Lateiner-Broderzon's "Sarah
sheyndl fun yehupets", "R' Meir" in "Sender Blank", from
Sholem Aleichem, "La flesh" in Moliere's "Der Karger
(The Miser)", "Yosele babtses" in Bergelson's "Di broyt
mil", "Pdhtsur" in Sholem Aleichem's "Tuviya der
Sh. wrote the program for a
small-arts production "Di bobe dertseylt", and
dramatized, together with Itzhak Dagim, "Di troymer fun
kabtsansk", according to work by Mendele (in which
he wrote the role of "Senderl di yidene"), and together
with Ch. Buzgan, "13 feslekh dukatn", according to
Sholem Aleichem's "Goldgreber (Golddiggers)" and "Funes
yarid", which was staged in Warsaw's Jewish State
M. Sh. -- Moshe
shveylikh -- 50 yor alt, "Folksshtime", Warsaw,
24 December 1960.
Z -- Moshe
shveylikh -- A bn khmishim, "Yidishe shriftn",
Warsaw, January 1961.