Born on 7 January 1894 in
Zlatopol, Kiev Gubernia, Ukraine. Father -- employee of
a land owner. Until age thirteen he learned in a cheder,
and then with his family settled in Yelisavetgrad, where
he became an errand boy in a manufacturing store.
Often attending the
productions of the guest-starring troupe of Sam Adler,
he became courier/messenger for the actors, and when the
troupe traveled to act in Krivoy Rog, he left with them,
without the knowledge of his parents, and became a
stand-in, but after several days they sent him back home
to his parents.
Here he organized an
"amateur" circle, but soon (at the age of sixteen) he
entered into Korik's Yiddish troupe, where he debuted as
"David" in Lateiner's operetta "Yom hakupah", and as
such he went over from one troupe to another.
1915 -- mobilized in the
Russian army, and in 1916 -- as a prisoner-of-war,
together with actor Shneck, he guest-starred in Lublin
in Hershkovitsh's troupe. 1919 -- returned from his
imprisonment to the Ukraine, where he entered into a
theatre as an actor and was a business director. 1922 --
organized in Odessa a large Yiddish operetta troupe with
the participation of the actors Adolf Segal and Lyovke
Brown. 1923 -- organized a Yiddish operetta troupe in
Moscow, who then guest-starred across White Russia and
Volga. 1926 -- actor and technical director for Clara
Young. 1930 -- received from the folkombild the
task of creating a Yiddish itinerant state theatre for
the Ukraine ("Royter hamer"), from which he became
appointed as its musical director.