T. was born on 15 August
1893 in Amshinov (Mszczonów ), Poland. His grandfather
was a lumber merchant and a badkhan. He used to write his
own "things" and often played the fiddle. His father was
a ritual slaughterer and cantor, with whom T. was a
choir boy. He learned in cheders, with a rabbi and in a
Coming under the influence
of Haskalah, T. traveled to Warsaw, where he worked for
two years in a factory for golden chains. He entered
into the Workers' Movement and often attended the
Under the influence of the
criticism against old theatre, T. became associated with
a group of youths and they founded an amateur circle.
What was staged was the repertoire of Hirshbein, Pinski,
Asch and especially Gordin. T. later entered into a
members troupe (Nozyk, Sholom Brin, Bertel-Libert,
Strasfogel, Sandler et al.), who acted for a season in
the Lublin region.
During the war they
immigrated to Russia and there acted, and then returned
to Poland, where he acted in various troupes.