Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Rosa Yermolina-Veysman
(Rukhl Yarmolintser)
 

 

Y. was born circa 1850 in Kamenets Podolskiy Gubernia, Ukraine. Her mother was a "grandmothe", a brother, or another close neighbor -- she was a [fokusnik], as it was. So Y. learned as a midwife. Attending the guest-starring Yiddish theatre, after much effort she finally succeeded to become a chorus singer with Sabsey, later with Fishzon, where she also soon excelled in small roles. Going over to the troupe of Bernstein, she married Hershl Veysman, with whom she entered into Kompaneyets' troupe, where she acted in the comical character roles. Her [amtn tikun], however, she first found, when she entered into the "United Troupe" of Avraham Itzhak and Esther Rukhl Kaminski, where she performed in the character roles of Gordin's repertoire, and she soon became recognized by the Yiddish theatre critics as the best in her genre.

Through the events of war she was rejected from Russia, and Y. acted in 1917 in Peterburg and Moscow with Fishzon, later in other cities. And in 1920 she was in Minsk's "Unzer vinkl", where she occupied a prominent place, despite her advanced age.

On 10 October 1920, Y. passed away in Minsk.

Dr. Mukdoyni characterized her as such: "Therefore she was his [Veysman's] wife, Yermolina, a phenomenon: a sinister Jew, a completely illiterate person, with the conduct of a [sedekhe], she used to act wonderfully in evil roles, cursing, angry, and with grieving, charged women.

"Strange, tall and skinny, magnificent and almost [opshtoysndik], in the scene in her forceful roles. She used to begin to appear to talk, [flegt dos teater mmsh gerirt vern fun beyzkeyt un flegt farfleyts vern] of a flood of malicious words."
 

M. E. from Khina Braginska, Aba Kompaneyets and Sh. E. from L. Dushman.  

  • Noah Prilutski -- "Yidish teater" (retsenzies vegn oyffirungenfin gordin-repertuar), Bialystok, 1921.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoyni -- Zkhrunut fun a yidishn teater-kritiker, "Archiv", p. 263.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 2, page 951.
 

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