Born in 1871 in Lodz,
Poland. Father -- owner of a laundromat. From his early
youth he manifested a desire for singing, singing in
various quartets and with itinerant singers. Then he
performed in the former Yiddish troupes of Kaminski,
Fishzon, Sabsey, Kompaneyets, Bernstein. Possessing a
beautiful voice, Z. for the first time performed in a
lover role in: "Absalom" in "Bar Kochba", "Gedalyahu" in
"Khurbin yerushalayim (The Destruction of Jerusalem)",
and the like), then he switched over to character and
comical roles ("Kuni lemel", "Natan hakhasun" in
Goldfaden's "Shulamis", "Pinke" in Lateiner's "Khinke un
Pinke", et al.) .
Although most of the time he
came to act in shund repertoire, Z. had however,
thanks to his natural tone and artistic intuition,
created lively types of human beings. Z. especially was
popular in the roles "Peretz" in Goldfaden's "La skhmud"
and "Khnukh" in Lateiner's "Ashe Re", which became
associated with other actors from his generation.
In 1905 Z. became director
of Lodz's Grand Theatre, and in the span of the nine
years that he had directed with this theatre, had
created there the strongest point of support for the
Yiddish stage in Eastern Europe. He himself withdrew
from the stage and contented himself with performing
once a year to his benefit, that most were old roles. Z.
used to engage for his troupe the preeminent forces of
the Yiddish stage in Europe, with special regisseurs,
such as Meerson, Titelman, Julius Adler, and he was the
first to invite prominent Yiddish actorial powers from
America (Morris Moshkovich, Boris Thomashefsky,
David Kessler, Jacob Silbert, Elias Rothstein,
Malvina Lobel), and was the first to be allowed
to direct (in the presence of the authors)
several plays of Sholem Asch, Peretz Hirshbein
and Yitzhak Katzenelson.
In 1914, with the
outbreak of the World War, the productions of
the Grand Theatre was halted, and the theatre
was transformed into a hospital for the wounded
soldiers. Z. went to Warsaw, and there he became
ill and settled into a neighboring health resort
in Otwock, where he passed away on 24 June
1915, severed from his family.
from Amelia Adler.
Thomashefsky -- Tomashevsky beshraybt a
idishen teater in rusland, "Forward", 12
Thomashefsky -- Tomashevsky beshraybt zayn
ershte forshtelung in Lodz, "Forward", 19
Thomashefsky -- Tomashevsky gezegent zikh
mit lodz un fort keyn varshoy, "Forward", 26
-- Kunst un dankbarkeyt, "Di varhayt", N.
Y., 16 December 1913.
Iks -- Yitzhak
zandberg z"l, "Lodzer. folksblat", 28 July
[--] -- Arum der
shrfh in groysen teater, "Lodzer tageblat",
22 Otober 1920.
-- Der grester idisher theater in europa
abgebrent, "Forward", 19 November 1920.
Dr. A. Mukdoni
-- Zikhrunus fun a yidishn teater-kritiker,
"Archive", 1930, p. 413.
Amelia Adler --
Dos leben fun a idisher aktrise, "Di idishe
velt", Cleveland, 31 October 1930.