State Jewish Theatre
Bucharest, Romania
photograph from Wikipedia

Jewish theatre in Romania has a tradition dating back 125 years. Documents show that in 1876 the writer and artist Avram Goldfaden started the first professional Jewish theatre in the world, in a public park in the Romanian town of Iaşi . A few months later, Goldfaden moved with his theatre company to Bucharest. The first review of the work of the Jewish Theatre was written by the eminent Romanian poet Mihail Eminescu.

Since then the Jewish Theatre has held a particular place in Romanian Theatre. The early days were difficult with precarious finances hindering the building of a permanent company and theatre base. But these obstacles did not stop the artistic development of the work and the company could count on the support of fellow artists.

The great director and teacher Jacob Sternberg raised the artistic profile of the company in the early part of the twentieth century. In 1930 he created a studio theatre where modern trends in European theatre could be developed.

The fascist dictatorship years of World War II brought hard times, and Jewish artists were not allowed to perform in their own language nor to appear in public. A group of them started the "Barasheum" Theatre in Bucharest where the performances were in Romanian. In 1948 the Bucharest State Jewish Theatre was created, its repertoire following a mix of traditional and modern theatre, consisting of Jewish, Romanian and international works. 

The Jewish Theatre of Bucharest has toured to theatres in the USA, Canada, Israel, Germany, Austria, Russia, Switzerland and France, as well as performed in a number of international festivals to much acclaim. In its uninterrupted 125 years long history, the last 53 as a state institution, the Jewish Theatre in Bucharest has developed a distinguished profile and occupies a unique position in Yiddish language art worldwide.




Romanian State Jewish
Theatre of Bucharest


Brenda, Eugenia


Calugarita, Marius (to come)

Calugarita, Nicolae

Ciucă, Mihai 

Ciupercescu, Cornel (to come)


Diulescu, Constantin


Eliad, Harry

Eliad, Leonie Waldman (to come)


Guttman, Roxana (to come)


Morgenstern, Maia


Rosenfeld, Rudy


Stoica, Luana (to come)


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Published online under the auspices of the Museum of Family History
and with the cooperation of the estate of Zalmen Zylbercweig.

Text adapted from the State Jewish Theatre website.

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