Lives in the Yiddish Theatre
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"

1931-1969
 

Vilna Yiddish State Theatre

In the winter of 1918 the "Vilna Troupe" began, which guest-starred in Warsaw and Lodz, divided by Alomis and Azro, and together with Sherman there came together in Vilna (which was taken over by the Soviet might), a group of actors and "amateurs", and they founded in the city theatre a troupe of private elements. The troupe in the beginning  -- according to Avraham Teitelbaum --  was supported by Dr. Shabar, Dr. Wygodski, Sh. Niger and Sh. Anski. Soon however the organization of the troupe was taken over by the Educational Committee of Lita. This became a state [organization], and it was supported by Commissar Director H' Nelson [Katzenelson].

On 15 February 1919 they opened the theatre with the offering of Hirshbein's "Di puste kretshme (The Haunted Inn)". Also they received an official greeting from the government.

The latter repertoire consisted of Hirhbein's "Di nevula", Andreyev's "Di teg fun unzer lebn", Asch's "God of Vengeance", Peretz's "Es brent", and "Der meshugener betlen", and Schnitzler's "Anatol".

Later, the Commissar was supported B. Orshansky, and in the Repertoire Commission there were: Sh. Niger, A. Weiter, B. Orshansky, A. Azro and Avraham Teitelbaum.

There was also staged special children's dramatized productions of Peretz's "Der din-torah mitn vind", and "Der arendar".

During the first rehearsal of Peretz's "Goldene keyt" (on 19 April 1919), the city was taken from Poland. The Bolsheviks withdrew and the theatre as a state institution was dissolved.

The troupe consisted of:

Men: Azro, Bulkin, Hmkbi, Teitelbaum, Shlomo Kon, Sherman and Schwartz.

Women: Orshanska, Braz, Budina, Dorina, Almois and Rivkin.

According to B. Orshanksy, the regisseur of the troupe was A. Azro. They also staged Hirshbein's "A farvorfener vinkl (A Faraway Corner)", and in the Soviet repertoire there wasn't Anski, but H' Tomsinsky.

  • Avraham Teitelbaum -- Der idisher theater in vilna, velkhen di sovieten-regirung hot oysgehalten, "Forward", N. Y., 7 November 1919.

  • B. Orshansky -- "Teater-shlakhtn", 1931, pp. 107-117.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 2,  page 946.
 

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