dedicated to special
theatre. The journal, usually in book format, was
published in fourteen issues (five cents an issue), and
G. on his own published very many articles about Yiddish
theatre, about Yiddish dramaturges, and about the
theatre arts and dramaturges in general. Besides this
there was published in the fourteen issues articles from
A. Goldfaden, A. Tanenbaum, A. Harkavy, B. Thomashefsky,
S. Tornberg, and an unfinished autobiography of Jacob P.
On 15 April 1908 there was
published the last issue of this journal, and G., with
his last powers wanted to maintain it, but he had to
pause until October 15 of the same year, when he began
to publish again in journal format "Theatre Journal and
Family Friend" (published every Wednesday. In English it
was given that B. Gorin is the editor and publisher.)
The journal had in every issue a tableau from a
playwright, or an actor on the first page, and eight
cents was received for each issue in New York.
In the foreword it is said
that with the issue there began on the 2nd anniversary
of this "Theatre Journal," But there is a radical change
in its appearance. Instead of the one dedicated to the
theatre so far, he it now becomes journal for
literature, drama and generally useful news, and instead
of appearing once a week, twice in two weeks, it now is
"The journal will use all
its powers to fight against everything that is
unscrupulous, everything that is disgusting, everything
that has no taste and no value in Yiddish literature and
the Yiddish stage."
The journal created many
enemies and is knowledgeable in the Yiddish theatre
The journal takes an
important place for theatre and even publishes theatre
reviews. From issue 7 he again turns out a two-week
page, but more than eleven issues were not published. In
the volumes 8-9 N. published his adaptation of Chekhov's
dramatic etude, "Dr shvanengezang" (the author of the
issue is not given.)
Then G. began to contribute
in the "Forward," "Fraynt" and since 1906 (with a break
from 1908, when he was editor of the "Yidishn farmer"),
he regularly contributed to the "Morning Journal,"
where besides other literary work he has published since
1913 very many reviews about Yiddish theatre. G. put out
many original and translated books, among them a book
with content from the dramas of the famous world
G. specialized in the field
of theatre critiques, and had in the span of thirty
years came honestly and quietly for a real life-trained
realism on the Yiddish stage. Being so close to the
Yiddish actors, he also began to attempt with his powers
in the dramatic field, and so he wrote the following
"Der vilner bel-habitl," a
drama in four acts (1898), which hadn't any relationship
to the historic Vilna bel-hbitl, She does, however,
treat a similar case. The play was performed in March
1898 in New York (The play was called "Alter der
zinger," by the author, but Kessler, who staged it, had
completed the name.)
"Barukh Spinoza," a drama in
four acts (performed in1902, only once through
Thomashefsky during his benefit) -- a dramatization from
Berthold Auberbach's novel, which G. also translated
"A kharaz oyf a nakht" (in
Gorin's "List of Plays" was called "A charaz oyf a
tog"), a comedy in four acts, (staged in 1912 in the
Novelty Theatre through Schikdkraut), adopted from
Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau."
"In yedn hoyz (In Every
House)," a comedy in four acts (performed on 4 December
1924 in the Art Theatre, for G.'s thirty-year
anniversary of his activity in literature). In this
comedy he touches on the problem of the relations
between parents and children in the American-Jewish
In 1917 through G.'s
initiative, under the direction of Max Gabel, there was
staged Aaron Wolfzon's comedy, "Leybtzin un fremeley"
(Breslau tk"nu), 120 years after her publication, under
the name, "Der tsbuek, adapted by B. Gorin.
In 1918 in Kessler's Second
Avenue Theatre there as performed G.'s adaptation of
Mendele's "Der priziv (The Draft)."
Besides this G. wrote the
following plays, which were never performed:
"Levbedike keytn," a
drama in four acts, of New York Jewish life.
"Yitskhok fon york," a
historical drama in five acts (adapted by Walter
"Der kortn shpiler,"
adapted from Charles Dickens, "Old kuriozity shop"
"Zamd," an original
drama in four acts of American Jewish life.
If, however, with these
plays, N. did not appear to create a special place in
the history of the Yiddish drama. He, however, acquired
an engaging name through his book in two parts, "The
History of Yiddish Theatre" -- "Two Thousand Years of
Theatre for Jews" (New York, 1918. New York, 1921, 2nd
enlarged edition, illustrated, Publishing House Max
Mayzel, New York, Vol. I, p. 256, Vol, 2, p. 282), a
work that despite some errors (see Dr. Shiper's book,
"History of Yiddish Theatre Arts," and Dr. Shatzky's
review in "Dos naye lebn," New York, 10-12, 1923), and
also, notwithstanding that it does not possess the
special virtues of a historical work, But it
nevertheless proves to be an immeasurable and
Seeing as the old pioneer of
Yiddish theatre passed away, feeling the great
responsibility that lies on this, Which lies on the one
who can save from eternal forget the names and fatigues
of the founders and later instigators of the Jewish
stage and theatre arts, Gorin had collected in the span
of thirty years information from older generation
actors, and also ignores the current events, and they
begin to publish in chapter form the history in the "Tsukunft"
(1913-1916), "Amerikaner," "Morning Journal," and
in English in the "New York Evening Post," "Werner's
Magazine," "Theatre Magazine," and "New York Tribune."
Later he systemized these chapters, and they were
published in a superficial book, an above-mentioned book
that really only covers the story of Yiddish theatre in
America, giving a small place for the Yiddish theatre
history in Russia and Poland.
Besides the "history,' B.
Gorin to the end of his work sorted a list of 2,000
plays with data of their publication, or first offering
on the Yiddish stage.
When you take into account
that G. created an ish main, a someone, a bone of
almost no foreign element, first becomes more aware of
the significance of his great work.
About the "theatre history,"
there was published reviews in all Yiddish periodical
issues, and also in English magazines, "Buchman,"
"Tribune," Christian Monitor," and "Boston Transcript."
A specially detailed review
was published by Ruben Braynin (sp) in the "Tog" of 30
December 1923 and 6 January 1924.
G. also left over articles
and critiques about theatre, published and unpublished
material for still two parts of the history of theatre,
which he decided to call, "Draysik yor geshikhte fun
yidishn teater (Third Year History of Yiddish
On 13 April 1925 G. passed
away and was brought to his eternal rest in Mount Carmel
Cemetery in the Arbeter Ring plot, in New York.
Schwartz made his mind up by
hanging his picture in the theatre of the Yiddish Art
In 1927 his widow,
Elizabeth, published three volumes of his collected
writings with a full biography.
his wife, E. Gorin.
Z. Reisen -- "Lexicon
of Yiddish Literature," Vol. I, pp. 531-37.
B. Gorin -- The First
Yiddish Drama, "Der tog," N.Y., 27 January 1917.
J. Entin -- The First
History of Yiddish Theatre, "Di varhayt," 27 October
Dr. J. Shatzky --
Two-Thousand Years of Yiddish Theatre, "Dos
naye lebn," N.Y., August 1923.
N.B. Linder -- B.
Gorin's Evening in the Yiddish Art Theatre, "Der
tog," N.Y., 28 November 1924.
L.S. Bieli -- Gorin's
"In yen hoyz," "Yidishe bleter," N.Y., 12 December
Alef-Alef -- A
Holiday for Yiddish Theatre Critics, "Morning
Journal," N.Y., 28 Nov. 1924.
Ab. Cahan -- A Play
From B. Gorin in Schwartz's Theatre, "Forward,"
N.Y., 17 December 1924.
Hillel Rogoff -- "The
History of Yiddish Theatre," "Forward," N.Y., 24
Efrim Auerbach --
Gorin's Corner, "Morning Journal," 17 April 1925.
Joel Entin -- B.
Gorin, der farshtorbener beletrist un teater
kritiker, "Tsukunft," May 1925.
B. Gorin -- A Letter
From B. Gorin, "Dos naye lebn," N.Y., 11, 1923.
Dr. A. Mukdoni --
"Theatre," New York, 1927, pp. 178-84.
L. Kusman -- Der
klasiker in der teater kritik, "Morning Journal,"
N.Y., 16 April 1926.
Jacob Mestel --
Teater bikher, "Morgn Frayhayt," 8 July 1929.
Dr. Yitskhok Shiper
-- "History of Yiddish Theatre Art."