Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Moshe Lipman


L. was born on 20 February 1893 in Apt (Opatów), Radom Gubernia, Poland, to Chasidic parents. As a youngster of seven he came to Warsaw, where he learned in various cheders. At the age of twelve he entered into work for a clockmaker.

In 1907 he began to attend the Yiddish theatre and became excited by the then costumed historical operettas, that soon he entered into an "amateur" group and traveled with them to act in the province.

In 1909 he joined Sam Adler in Warsaw as a professional actor, then to Kompaneyets, later traveling across Poland and Russia.

In 1912 he acted with Adler-Lipovski in Lodz's Circus, and with them he traveled across Russia.

In 1913-14 he was in Lodz's Skala Theatre (Directors Adler-Serotsky).

During the outbreak of war, he traveled about to Russia and there acted in Yiddish theatre in the expanded region from Russia to Siberia.

In 1918 he was the co-founder of the first Yiddish state theatre in Odessa, and during a contest he acted in the role of "David Grossman" in Seymon Yuskhevitsh's "Der kenig".

In 1920 he returned to Poland and went on a tour across Galicia.

In 1921 he entered into Warsaw's Central Theatre, where he became one of the leaders, and here he directed  "Fishke der krumer" by Mendele Mokher Sfarim (dramatized by Yakov Vaksman), "Yikhus" by Sholem Asch, "Der shvartser flek" by Kadelberg (L.'s translation), "Der gbur in keytn" by Hugo, "Moshke khazir" by Y. D. Berkovitsh, "Gvald ven shtarbt er?" by Khone Gotesfeld, and Goldfaden's "Kishufmakherin".

In 1926 he directed the Lodz Skala Theatre.

In 1927 he guest-starred in South Africa, and in 1928 he directed with Kaminski's theatre in Warsaw, where he staged on 6 June 1928 H. Leivick's "Hirsh Lekert".

In 1929-30 he guest-starred with his own troupe across Rumania.

In 1930 he directed with Warsaw's Skala Theare, where he staged in "Tsyankali" by Fredreich Wolf ([Ib.] --Yakov Vaksman), and in 1932 he staged with a troupe in Krakow, where he directed in (with the opportunity for the Vispiansky direction) Vispiansky's "Daniel" and "Rikhter".

L. also wrote a reported play "Di tsen fun paviak", which he had staged.

Sh. E.

  • [--] -- Ver zeynen undzere shoyshpiler? "Teater un kunst", Lodz, 2, 1922.

  • Reporter -- Di trupe lipman, "Czernowitzer bleter", 55, 1930.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 2, page 1105.

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