Lives in the Yiddish
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN
THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"
L. was born on 27 September
1897 in Warsaw, Poland, into a Chasidic family. He
learned in cheders, yeshivas, etc. With difficulties, he
was permitted to learn with a teacher [lmudi-huts]
through his cousin, the actor Khayim Grinshpan. He
became acquainted with Yiddish theatre and he received
moreover a strong desire. He participated in a drama
circle with Warsaw's "Hazamir", and then he wandered
around for two years as a prompter with the actor Nathan
Goldberg across Poland. Due to the World War he became
hindered from performing in Yiddish, and he [thus] put
together productions in dance and wedding halls under
the mask of dance events and weddings.
At the end of 1914 he went
away to Minsk and there with actors and "amateurs"
put together a collective and acted on Shabbat
afternoons, giving fifty percent off for the Russian Red
Cross, acting several times, [when] it was generally
forbidden to perform. In 1915 he traveled back to Warsaw
and there prompted in the "Artistish vinkele" with
Then he went on tour with
Esther Rukhl Kaminska across Poland and the Ukraine.
After the October Revolution he entered into the troupe
of Rudolf Zaslavsky and Luksemberg. In 1920 he
participated in Poltava's "Kunst-vinkl", which in 1921
attended the theatres in Kiev, where L. participated
until 1928 as an director (evenings).
IN 1929 he went over to
become a stage manager in the all-Ukrainian State
Theatre for small forms "Gezkult", where he worked until
1930. Later he worked in Kiev's film industry, where he
took a six-month course in the film laboratory.
In 1931 he worked for eight
months as a stage inspector in the "First [Alfarbandishn]
Polish Theatre" in Kiev, then he worked organizationally
and administratively in the "Pedagogical
Yiddish-Ukrainian State Theatre for Children" in Kiev,
that had served the ratn (council) school of the
national minority groups, Yiddish technicum, [profshul].
L. also had organized and
staged with drama works in Yiddish worker clubs and
Ukraine, and he participated in several Russian films.
L. is a member and active
collector for the theatre department of the "Mendele
Museum" in Odessa.
L. is a collaborator
(Yiddish theatre department) for the "All-Ukrainian
Soviet Encyclopedia" ("Ara") and the correspondent for
the "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" for the Soviet
Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the "Lexicon
of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig,
Volume 2, page 1076.
You can also read Mark's
amended Lexicon biography in its memorial volume no. 5.
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