István Katona of Kartal, Hungary


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First-Hand Account


"The Germans occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, and imposed a new government. This government, with German supervision and the enthusiastic participation of the majority Hungarian population, brought in daily more and more restrictions. Jews were not allowed to travel, at the train station they arrested all Jews, who were interned and later deported.

Within weeks we had to wear yellow stars. Within six weeks of German occupation, by the end of April, we had to move into newly erected ghettoes. At first, these ghettoes were organized only in the country. In Budapest at that time they established the so called 'yellow star houses' where the Jews had to live, and later they had to move to a ghetto too...."

photo, left
István Katona, age 20, cir 1944








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