Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Pola Ash-Averbuch
(Pesye Zilbershteyn)


Born in 1897 in Kishinev, Bessarabia. As a child she lived through the shocking Kishinev pogrom, which strongly registered in her memory, and she always used to talk about it to her children. As a young person she was active in the local dramatic group, where the actor Avraham Ash was the stage director, with whom she married, and since then she became a professional actress, going through the same stage activity across the cities and towns of Romania, Bessarabia, Bukovina and Czechoslovakia.

A. also played in the troupes of Ziegler, Fiszon-Zaslavsky, Moshe Lipman ensemble, Betty Koenig, Prizament-Heiden, Britman-Kanievsky, David Zeyderman-Khona Lerner, partnering with Dr. Paul Baratoff during his last guest-appearance in Romania, Osip Runitsh ensemble, and various local member troupes. In 1940, when Kishinev became taken by Soviet Russia, and a Moldova State Theatre was created, A. became a member there. At the time of the Second World War, A. had left her husband (see "Lexicon," pp. 3828-30), living through the cruel times in very far away Kalchas in Middle Asia. After the end of the Second World War, together with her daughter, the actress Chayele Ash, she went away to Poland, where from time to time she performed in theatre events, was engaged by a Jewish committee in Volbzhich (Lower Silesia), and on the way to Israel she played in the DP camps, under the auspices of the Salzburg Jewish Central Committee, through UNRA. With the rest of the Jewish medina, she settled in the land of Israel, playing with local troupes and

and participated in Leon Liebgold and Lily Liliana's ensemble when they guest-starred in Hirshbein's "Green Fields." In 1956 she got a heart attack, and [subsequently] withdrew from the stage.

In 1963 A. passed away in Tel Aviv.

A's daughter, Chayele, is found in Philadelphia, America, where she occupies herself, together with her husband Ari Fuhrman, with Yiddish concerts and theatre productions. A's son, Jacob Averbuch-Ash, is a famous painter and graphic artist, living in Soviet Russia.

A.'s daughter, Chayele, characterizes her mother this way:

"She possessed a beautiful voice, but physically she was not too tall and was a little too fat. She was accustomed to not playing any curvy prima donnas, but her type mostly consists of character roles, with or without singing. During the time when the majority of the repertoire was from Goldfaden's operettas, her good voice used to be exploited. She used to love to play character roles, because she would study makeup from her husband, who was a fine arts painter and a great artist with makeup, and she used to create beautiful types, such as, "Aliosha" in "Moshke the Swine," "Dobe" in "God, Man and Devil," "The Tikerin" in "Yoshke Kalb," and still other figures in dramas, melodramas, comedies and operettas, in which it was her turn to play."

Sh.E. from her daughter Chayele Ash-Forman.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 6,  page 4972.

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