A. entered into the
Yiddish facultat of the Kiev Trade Institute,
where he learned for three to four years, then
he had one year of military service,, and there
he put on Russian productions.
service, A. returned to Vilna, where it then
emerged a literary dramatic circle, Peretz
Hirshbein is then in Vilna, and he staged his
play and acted by himself. A. participated in
the local production, together with Nachbush,
Shneyer, Alomis, Rivkina and Blumental, and
traveled across the Lithuanian province.
In wartime, during
the German Occupation, A. created a circle in
Vilna of Yiddish intelligentsia, for which he
used to stage with "amateurs" one-acters and
recitations in Yiddish. Meanwhile, an accident
had occurred: the owner of the local circus,
Gurevitsh, fearful that the circus will be
[requisitioned?=rekvirirt], gave the
dramatic circle over to him.
A. organized the
first production, in which Asch's "Der landsman"
was staged. The group took on the task of
completely transferring the repertoire and
[became infatuated with=als forblid]
This group later
became the famous "Vilna Troupe", which from
Vilna guest-starred across the United States,
ntil they arrived in Warsaw, and afterwards
traveled to Lodz.
In 1918 A. went back
together with Sonia Alomis, with whom he had
married to Vilna, where he acted with a troupe
for a season. Then, already under the
Bolsheviks, when there a "Yiddish state theatre"
was organized , A. became the director of this
theatre, and later of Yiddish theatre, who
opened the "Yiddish Theatre Society" under the
business representation of Dr. Wigodski and Dr.
Shabad. Here A. also staged for children "Der
gliklekher prints (The Happy Prince)" by Oscar
Wilde, which he had dramatized.
From Vilna, A.,
Alomis, Zhelazo and Birnbaum traveled across
Poland with artistic events.
When the Poles again
entered Vilna, A. went to Kovno and organized
there a dramatic circle with amateurs and actors
with whom he acted across the province, and from
there he traveled out to Berlin.
In 1920 he created
in Berlin a "Yiddish theatre society" with Dr.
Graneman, Bart, Leo Vints, Herman Shtruk and
Arnold Zweig at its head, and in order that
could demonstrate the possibility of performing
as a Yiddish artistic theatre, he arranged in
Berlin an artistic event.
The plan took off.
With the help of the society, film director
Henry Galen, and Reinhard's actor Jean Gotoff,
on 1 September 1921 there opened Peretz
Hirshbein's "Puste kremtshe" in the Yiddish
artistic theatre in Berlin on the
Komendantenstrasse. The productions had made an
impression, especially so on with a non-Jewish
public. However, business was bad, and A. went
on a tour across Germany, acting with a special
success in Leipzig. The Belgian dramatist Jan
Fabritsius then invited the troupe to Holland,
where their success only grew greater. From
there A. traveled with the troupe to Belgium,
then to Paris, where it performed for the first
time in the elegant Théâtre des Champs-Élysées,
and later in London in Kingsway Theatre.
When A. arrived in
Berlin, the activity became affixed for the
"Yiddish Theatre Society" with the further aim
of uniting the entire "Vilna Troupe". However,
due to the shock of the German currency, the
society fell apart, and A. again made with the
newly formed troupe a tour across Holland and
London. Here he became engaged by Thomashefsky
and came with the troupe to America.
In New York they
began to perform on Broadway, but due to an
internal conflict, the troupe went over to the
"National", but the contract was annulled by the
A. then traveled
with a tour across America and Canada and during
a break between tours, he acted for seven months
In 1925 he acted
with the "Vilna Troupe" in Chicago, but due to a
union bylaw, the troupe had to enter into a
local, stable Yiddish theatre to perform only
two days a week.
A. then by himself
became a director for the trope, and with
several members of the "Vilna Troupe", and
several union members, he began in September
1926 to act in New York in the Lipzin Theatre,
but the production didn't have any success, and
A. took up direction. Since 1926-7, A. has
toured with his wife with artistic events, or
acts in several productions with various
In 1929 A. traveled
to Belgium, where he founded in Antwerp a new
Ab. Cahan --
Alomis and Azro in "Eyferzukht" and "Motke
ganef", Forward, 15 March 1929.
G. B. Linder
-- Di kunst-forshtelungen fun azro-alomis,
"Tog", 15 March 1929.
-- Di geshikhte fun der "Vilner trupe", "Vilner