Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Yehuda Leib Boymvol

Born in 1892 in Warsaw, Poland, to well-to-do parents. He learned in a yeshiva. At the age of seventeen, he was an "amateur" and then began to prompt professionally in Warsaw's "Elizeum" Theatre, for which he later also wrote one-acters.

In 1912 he was operetta regisseur in the Julius Adler-Lipovski Circus Theatre in Lodz, and here he also staged "in a revue," a comedy in one act [Lodz, 1912, 16 pp.,16], in 1913 joined Zandberg in the Lodz "Grand" Theatre, and there staged his operetta "Fir farflibte," or "Dr. zeyfnbloz," later his operetta "Dirh-gelt" (music by Leo Kopp), then arranged for Lipovski in Vilna, where he directed his operetta " Lebedik un lustik" (a free adaptation by Z. Zylbercweig, translated by Jacobson for "oeyn gemakhter man"), published in book form: "Lebedig un lustig," a comical operetta in four acts. Published by the bookstore Bletnistki Brothers in Odessa, Odessa Tre"d, Paris, 30 kopecs [80 pp., 16].

B. was an excellent stage technician, and possessed the capability of good humor, especially in his easy and shteygreyf gegramte songs.

During the war, B. settled in Russia. Here he wrote only two operettas: "Madam freulein," an operetta in three acts, published by the publishing house of the bookstore "Bletinitzki Brothers" in Odessa, Odessa Tre"d [80 pp., 16], and under the pseudonym "Buff" he wrote "Khatzkele bl-bu*nik," an operetta in four acts, Kharkov, printer A. Fridman, publisher "Rampe" 1918, price 5 rubles [64 pp., 16], in the same publishing house, and he also published his one-acter "Oyfn gonev brent dos hitl."

After the March Revolution, B. turned to the operetta and became very active for the idea of a modern, pure Yiddish theatre. He was the initiator of the first conference for the Yiddish artists in Kiev, chairman of the Yiddish Artists' Union in Kiev, and had in 1918 edited the first and only issue of "Der yidisher artist."

B. was a member of the Yiddish artist theatre "Unzer vinkl" in Kharkov, then went over to Kiev with some of the artists from "Unzer vinkl," and there he opened a theatre "Unzer vinkl," and was a teacher of the Yiddish dramatic studio in Kiev. From there he traveled with a troupe in April 1920 to Odessa, but on the way he, with Kaziatin, when the Polish military took the Ukraine, was killed by murderous hands, together with the young actor Yoel (Grisha) Epstein.

B. assembled a special theatre handbook and left material for a history of Yiddish theatre.

  • Zalmen Reisen -- "Lexicon of Yiddish Literature," Vol. I, pp. 234-5.

  • Zygmunt Turkow -- Dosyidishe teater in rusland, "Yidish teater," Warsaw, I, 1921.

  • Bulletin, "Kultur lige," 1920, pp. 78-9.

  • Jonas Turkow -- In shotn, "Yidishe bine," Warsaw, 1, 1924.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 1, page 149.

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