Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Moshe Dluznowsky


Born on 22 February 1906 in Tomaszow Mazowiecki , Poland, into a Chasidic family of small merchants. He received a religious Chasidic education in a cheder, Beit HaMedrash, later became  an auto-didact in secular studies. He completed a technical drawing course in a textile school, and for a time worked in a manufacturing factory in Tomaszow and in Lodz.

In 1930 he immigrated to France and until August 1939 was employed in Paris as a business traveler for a trade firm, receiving a possibility to become familiar with French-Jewish Life, and with the former historical centers of French-Jewish communities. During the Second World War he escaped from Hitler's nails by fleeing through Spain and Portugal to North Africa, and until the end of 1941 he lived in various towns of Morocco. At the end of 1941 he came to America, where at first he was employed by various crafts, and then (besides his writing career) he became a contributor for the press department of the "United Jewish Appeal."

When he was young D. began to write and debuted in 19254 in the "Lodz Folksblat," and since then he composed short stories, stories, articles, travel writings, novels, dramas, essays, children's stories and reportage in a few tens of Yiddish, as well as Hebrew periodical editions (see "Lexicon of the New Yiddish Literature").

 Since 1950 he has contributed for the New York "Forward," where he published novels, stories and articles, which were published in the Yiddish press in France, Canada, in Argentina. In book form there were until today published D.'s: "Dos rod fun mazel" (New York, 420 pp.), "A brunem baym veg" (Buenos Aires, 256 pp.), "Bnut khdr" (Hebrew translation of his Yiddish drama "Dem teers tekhter," Jerusalem, 310 pp.), which in 1959 was published in London in the English translation of Joseph Leftvitsh in the same year in Spanish in Buenos Aires, translated by Svana Zafran, "Der roytvagon" (Buenos Aires, 160 pp.), where also were his two plays: "Di eynzame shif" and "Der bshmim-sukhr fun safi." In 1958 in Buenos Aires there was published his novel, "Vi a boym in feld," and in 1963, there, his novel, "Vintmiln." A great number of stories and articles were also published in English.

R. also wrote the play, "Der kontsenmakher," made into scenes from his novel, "Mentshn un maskes,' which were staged on 3 July 1959 in the professional Yiddish "Teatro Mitre" in Buenos Aires, and the play not performed, "Der banket." about Jewish life in America.

D.'s play "Di eynzame shif (The Lonesome Ship)," under the direction of David Licht, on 1 December 1956 was staged through the "Folksbiene" in New York and evoked a great press (reaction), and played until the end of March 1959. The same play, also under the stage direction of David Licht, on 14 April 1957 was staged in a professional Yiddish "Soleil Theatre" in Buenos Aires, and played there for three months' time, and on 14 August 1958 the play was performed in Mexico under the direction of Ezra Hrri of the local amateurs for a span of three months' time.

On 28 April 1958 the play in English was staged through Maurice Schwartz in Los Angeles in the "Ivar" Theatre, and on 17 June 1961 the play in Yiddish, under the direction of Ida Kaminska, was staged in the Jewish State Theatre in Warsaw, Pland, then in other cities of Poland.

On 22 May 1961 Max Berliner staged in Buenos Aires in the "Avraham Goldfaden" Theatre a one-acter, "Maskes," dramatization of D.'s story.

On 10 November 1962 the "Folksbiene" in New York staged under the direction of David Licht, D.'s comedy-drama in three acts, "Der elfter yerusha (The Eleventh Inheritor)," which on weekends played until 17 March 1963.

In August 1948 on WNBC radio in New York, there was staged in English a children's play, "The Silver Beler," dramatized through the journal, "World Over," from D.'s story.

In 1955 David Licht staged in Buenos Aires the one-acter, "Di ganef (The Thief)," his dramatization of D.'s story.

For his one-acter, "The Penitent," D. received a prize of a "blue ribbon" from the West Side Yiddish Community Center in Los Angeles.

D. also dramatized several radio dramas from his novels, of which "Der falsher mishpat" (published in the "Forward"), under the direction of Osip Dymow, was staged on Sundays during the "Forward Radio Hour" from December 1952 until January 1954 (and later the author adapted it as a drama, "Der bshmim-sokhr fun safi"; "A House on West End Avenue" (published in the "Forward"), under the direction of Osip Dymow, on the same program. From October 1956 until May 1958.

D.'s published plays:

1. Di eynzame shif
a drama in three acts, nine scenes
(published in Moshe Dluznowsky's "Harbst in vayngartn," Buenos Aires, 1956, pp. 147-241.

2. Der bshmim-sokhr fun Safi
a drama in three acts, eight scenes
(published, same, pp. 243-321)

  • "Lexicon of the New Yiddish Literature, " Vol, II, pp. 526-28,

  • N. Chanin -- Tsum nayem sezon fun der "folksbine," "Forward," N.Y., 4 Sept. 1956

  • Zalmen Yefrukin -- Tsum nayem sezon fun der folksbine, dort, 30 Nov. 1956.

  • Jacob Botoshansky -- Vegn moshe dluznowsky drama "di eynzame shif," "Fraye Arbayter Shtime," N.Y., 30 Nov. 1956.

  • David Licht -- A vort fun a rezhisor, "Tog-morgn-shtime," N.Y., 6 December 1956.

  • Ben Rosenberg -- Folksbiene's Sea Drama is Tale of Tortured Souls, "New York Post," Dec. 6, 1956.

  • I.S. -- Yiddish Play, "New York Times," Dec. 7, 1956.

  • Dr. N. Swerdlin -- Baym forhang, "Tog-morgn-shtime," N.Y., 13 Dec. 1956.

  • Eliyahu Trotsky -- "Di eynzame shif," "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 13 Dec. 1956.

  • W.J. -- Das Einsame Schiff, "Aufbau," N.Y., Dec. 14, 1956.

  • Chaim Ehrenreich -- "Di eynzame shif," staged by David Licht, by the Folksbiene, "Forward," N.Y., 14 Dec. 1956.

  • A.L. -- Biatrun hihud" -- "Hduar," N.Y., 14 Dec. 1956.

  • B. Shefner -- Moshe dluznowsky drame "di eynzame shif," "Forward," N.Y., 15 Dec. 1956.

  • S. Dingel -- Di vokh in yidishn lebn, "Tog," N.Y., 15 Dec. 1956.

  • Pinchas Steinvaks -- "Di eynzame shif," "Keneder odler," Montreal, 18 Dec. 1956 (published in "Ats"t," Buenos Aires, 21 Dec. 1956, and 27 Dec. 1956 in "Der yidisher zhurnal," Toronto).

  • Joel Entin -- In teater, "Der yidisher kemfer," N.Y., 21 Dec. 1956.

  • Lee Silver -- "Lonesome Ship" Sets Sure Course at Radin, "New York Daily News," Dec. 25, 1956.

  • Wolf Younin -- Mit der "folksbine" oyf der eynzamer shif, "Der fraynd," N.Y., Nov.-Dec. 1956.

  • Sh.D. Singer -- "Di eynzame shif" -- Bay der folksbine, "Kultur un dertsayung," N.Y., Dec. 1956.

  • Dr. S. Margoshes -- News and Views, "Day and Jewish Journal," N.Y., Dec. 28, 1956.

  • Jacob Levin -- Di eynzame shif, "Fraye arbayte shtime," 29 Dec. 1956.

  • B.Ts. Goldberg -- In gang fun tog, "Der tog," N.Y., 29 Dec. 1956.

  • Chaim Leib Fox -- A teater-forshtelung, vos hot bagaystert dos yidishe nyu-york, "Unzer shtime," Paris, 30 Dec. 1956 (published in "Der veg," Mexico, 9 January 1957).

  • Boris Levin -- Di folks bine, "Der amerikaner," N.Y., 4 January 1957.

  • J. Kessel -- "Di eynzame shif," "Der veker," N.Y., 1 Jan. 1957.

  • Chaim Ehrenreich -- Tsvey merkvirdige yidishe teater grupes, "Forward," N.Y., 3 January 1957.

  • Abraham Yudin -- A shtarke drame bay der "follks-bine," "Morgan frayhayt," N.Y., 25 January 1957.

  • [--] "The Lonesome Ship," "Women's Wear Daily," N.Y., Jan. 29, 1957.

  • Chaim Leiberman -- A perl oyf stenton strit, "Forward," N.Y., 8 February 1957.

  • Melech Ravitch -- Fir teater oventen in nyu-york, "Keneder odler," Montreal, 11 February 1957.

  • A. Glantz -- Faktn un pirushim, "Daily Morning Journal," N.Y., 20 Feb. 1957.

  • M. Perenson -- "Di eynzame shif" in der folksbine, "Unzer tsayt," N.Y., February 1957.

  • Chaim Ehrenreich -- Hobn reyd shoyn in gantsn farlorn zayer badaytung?, "Forward," N.Y., 8 March 1957.

  • Israel Knox -- In the Jewish World, "The Call," N.Y., March 1957.

  • Jacob Botoshansky -- Tsvishn yo un gayn, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 20 April 1957.

  • Itzhak Yanasowicz -- Haynt -- Der onhoyb funem vikhukh vegn yidishn teater in argentine, dort, 20 April 1957.

  • [--] David Licht Presento en el Soleil "El Barco Solitario"  de Dluzowsky, "Amanecer," Buenos Aires, April 22, 1957.

  • Moshe Kaufman -- A groyse kinstlerishe oyffirung in teater "soleil," "Di prese," Buenos Aires, 23 April 1957.

  • Shmuel Roszhanski -- Di eynzame shif, "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 2 June 1957.

  • Malik Lerner -- Yidishe teater far ale, "Prese," Buenos Aires, 27 May 1957.

  • Dr. Moshe Merkin -- "Di eynzame shif," a teater-farmest, "Da"ts," Buenos Aires, 2 June 1957.

  • Y. Redeynsh -- "Di eynzame shif," an oyffirung fun a kinstlerisher mdrgh in teater "soleil," "Di yidishe velt," Buenos Aires, June 1957.

  • F. Niemai -- Heymish-gezelshaftleche interesn, 'Da"ts," 18 June 1957.

  • B. Pick -- Derheybung fun mentsh, "Unzer gedank," Buenos Aires, June 1957.

  • Maurice Schwartz -- Moris shvarts entfers zayne onkleger, "Forward," N.Y., 17 January 1958.

  • Katherine von Blon -- "The Lonely Ship," Very Moving Drama, "Los Angeles Times," May 2, 1958.

  • George H. Jackson -- "The Lonely Ship" Has Slim Plot, "Los Angeles Herald and Expr., " May 2, 1958.

  • H. Lang -- Moris shvarts' englisher teater in los angeles, "Forward," N.Y., 10 May 1958.

  • Pinchas Play -- Hsfinh hglmudh, "Mariv," Tel Aviv, end of June 1957.

  • Jacob Glantz -- Tsum punkt, "Der veg," Mexico, 16, 19 August 1958.

  • A zbulun berebitshez -- "Di eynzame shif," "Der veg," Mexico, 19 August 1958.

  • Dr. Yeshayahu Ustridn -- Inimitnvokh, "Di shtime," Mexico, 20 August 1958.

  • Armando de Maria y Campo -- El Teatro, "Novedades," Mexico, Aug. 27, 1958.

  • Ezra Harari -- Yidish  teater in meksiko, "Daily Morning Journal," N.Y., Dec. 1958.

  • Nachman Mayzel -- Der yidisher yeshuv in meksike, "Yidishe kultur," N.Y., Dec. 1958.i

  • Chaim Lazdeisky -- "Di eynzame shif" oyf der bine fun yidishn sport tsenter in meksike, "Ats"t," Buenos Aires, 15 January 1959.

  • [--] -- A farveylerisher spektakl in "mitre," "Ats"t," Buenos Aires, 21 July 1959.

  • T. Beilin -- "Der kontsnmakher," "Prese," Buenos Aires, 24 July 1959.

  • M.Sh. -- "Di eynzame shif" fun m. dluznowsky, shmues mit ida kaminska, "Folks-shtime," Warsaw, June 1961.

  • M. Sz. -- "Samotny statek" -- M. Dluznowskiego, "Nasz Glos," Warszawa, June 17, 1961.

  • Moshe Shkliar -- "Di eynzame shif" fun m. dluznowsky in yidishn melukhes-teater, "Folks-shtime," Warsaw, 20 June 1961.

  • Zofia Karczewska --  Markiewicz -- Z. Teatrow Stolicy, "Zycie Warszawy," June 20, 1961.

  • Jaszcz -- Jubileusz Wybitnego Aktora, "Trybuna Ludu," Warszawa, June 27, 1961.

  • David Sefard -- Teater notitsn, "Yidishe shriftn," Warsaw, June 1961.

  • A briv fun yosef leftvitsh tsu m. dluznowsky , "Forward," N.Y., 22 Sept. 1961.

  • David Licht -- Tsu der nayer oyffirung in der "folksbine," "Daily Morning Journal," N.Y., 8 Nov. 1962.

  • Moshe Dluznowsky -- Folksbine oyffirung, "Der elfter yerushe," "Forward," N.Y., 9 Nov. 1962.

  • Richard F. Shepard -- "Eleventh Inheritor," "The New York Times," Nov. 22, 1962 ["The Call," N.Y., Jan. 1963].

  • Lee Silver -- Folksbiene is Still Top Group, "Daily News," N.Y., Nov. 22, 1962.

  • Jerry Tallmer -- "The Eleventh Inheritor" at Folksbiene Playhouse, "New York Post," Nov. 23, 1962.

  • [--] -- Comedy Bows at Folksbiene, "New York Journal-American," Nov. 26, 1962.

  • B. Shefner -- A triumf fun der "folksbine," dort, 27 Nov. 1962.

  • R. Yukleson -- A drame vegn oysgerunene khalomes, "Morgn frayhayt," 28 Nov. 1962.

  • Dr. N. Swerdlin -- Baym forhang, "Daily Morning Journal," N.Y., 29 Nov. 1962.

  • C.S.-- "The Eleventh Inheritor," Absorbing Yiddish Drama, "Women's Wear Daily," N.Y., Dec. 3, 1962.

  • C.S. -- "Der Elfte Erbe," "Aufbau," N.Y., Dec. 7, 1962.

  • Chaim Leib Fox -- Tsvishn kholem un vor, "Fraye arbayter shtime," N.Y., 14 Dec. 1962.

  • A. Glantz -- Faktn un pirushim, "Daily Morning Jornal," N.Y., 19 Dec. 1962.

  • Y. Zylberberg -- "Der elfter yerushe,"  fun m. dluznowsky, "Der fraynd," November 1962 [publishe din "Unzer vort, Paris, 25 Dec. 1962].

  • B.Ts. Goldberg -- In gang fun tog, "Daily Morning Journal," N.Y., 22 Dec. 1962.

  • N. Kon -- Feyne forshtelung in "folksbine," "Fraye arbayter shtime," N.Y., 30 Dec. 1962.

  • Sh.D. Singer -- "Der elfter yerushe" bay der folksbine, "Kultur un dertsayung," N.Y., December 1962.

  • M. Perenson -- "Der elter yerushe" in der " folksbine," "Unzer tsayt," January 1963.

  • M. Zeldin -- A forshtelung vos frisht op, "Der veker," N.Y., 1 January 1963.

  • Elihu Trotsky -- "Der elfter yerushe," "Keneder odler," Montreal, 4 January 1963.

  • Dr. S. Margoshes -- News and Views, "The Day-Journal," N.Y., Jan. 5, 1963.

  • Rabbi Arthur T. Buch -- The Eleventh Heir, "Shaare Zedek," N.Y., Jan. 25, 1963.

  • Chaim Leiberman -- Der shlos oyf der tir, "Forward," N.Y., 4 February 1963.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 4, page 3653.

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