Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Charles W. Groll


G. was born on 10 February 1884 in Stanislawow, Galicia. He came as a child with his family to America. At the age of ten until age thirteen he was in an orphan's home, where he received a Jewish education, and there he participated in the English productions. He completed public and high school, and further went to evening lectures. Then for several years he was a bookkeeper in a printing shop where they printed posters. As such he became acquainted with the then "amateurs' and entered into their club.

In 1904 G. married Rosa Karp, completed the university as a lawyer, and he became together with Blank, Sam Rosenstein and Bela Gudinski the co-directors of the Lenox Theatre, where there was staged his drama in four acts "Brother and Sister." After that as the theatre closed, G. opened the Liberty Theatre in Brownsville as a Yiddish theatre. There for eight years he was director, and he then opened the Prospect Theatre in the Bronx, where he was director for one year.

In 1914 there was staged G.'s play Ir farteydigung," or "Ir shreklekher sud."

Giving himself as his main work as a lawyer with theatre subjects, G. led the envy of the "London Theatre" as a Yiddish theatre for Keni Lipzin. He transformed in Boston the Hippodrome into a Yiddish theatre, and was the initiator of the building of the theatre

on 12th Street in New York (at first "Schwartz's Art Theatre", then it was called the "Folks Theatre"), and of the Public Theatre on 4th Street in New York.

G. founded the Yiddish Theatre Manager's Association, and since 1920 has been the official lawyer for the Yiddish [Hebrew] Actors' Union.

G. is the secretary of the Publishing Committee for the "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre".
M. E.

B. Gorin -- 'History of Yiddish Theatre," Vol. II (list of plays).






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 1, page 516.

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