M. was born in 1880 in
Borisov, Minsk Gubernia, White Russia. His father was a
storekeeper. He learned in the yeshivas of Berezin and
Mir, and he was an extern and he received an a
certificate as a home teacher.
In his early youth he
participated later in Minsk as a Bundist in the struggle
against the "Zubatovtses" and settled then in Vilna,
where he dedicated himself to societal matters and
cultural work, and is the co-founder and teacher of he
first Yiddish evening school, co-organizer of the first
illegal Yiddish teachers conference (after which he was
arrested together with Israel Lichtenstein), and he is
the cofounder of the Yiddish "Kinder-farzorgungs-gezelshaft",
where he staged children's plays and children's
excursions. Here he also became interested in physical
education, and after completing a course of children's
gymnastics (in 1913 he went to Germany and Scandinavia),
he became a gymnastics teacher. M. also was a member of
"Maccabee", worked on Yiddish terminology for gymnastics
and directed gymnastics in a Talmud Torah and early
school. At the same time M. was the manager of the
Hebrew girl's school "Yehudit".
After the outbreak of the
World War, M. traveled around as a "Yepoka"
representative [working] in the interest of the
refugees, in southern Russia, and in August 1915 he
returned to Vilna as the secretary of an aid committee
for war refugees in Vilna.
When that committee took
over the leadership of the economic-cultural Yiddish
life in Vilna, M. was invited into the Yiddish theatre
group "FADA (Ferein idishe
dramtishe artisten)", which later became the Vilna
Troupe, where he became the first [ern] director
(without pay), and then the de facto director and [geshekhtn]
leader, where he has been active until today.
M. has translated, under the
pseudonym of M. M., the following plays, which were
performed by the Vilna Troupe: "A geshleg fun
shmeterlingen" by Herman Zudermann, "Oyfn tsofgrund" by
Maxim Gorky, "Di untergegangene hofnung" by Herman
Heyermans, "Der sh?ym-tsug" by Ridlo, "Periferye" by
Frankshisek Langer, "Man, veyb un revolutsye" (di
kvad?atur fun krey) by V. Katayev, "A milyon tsrus" by
V. Katayev, and "Shrey khina" by S. Tretyakov.
Daniel Charney --
Idishizt, "Tsukunft", N. Y., January 1929.
-- Vemes yubiley ?, "Literarishe bleter",
Warsaw, 18, 1931.
L. Kadison -- A
bisl zkhrunut, "Literarishe bleter", Warsaw, 42,
"Vilna Troupe" (zamlbikh),