Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Augusta Shoyder


Born in 1878 in a derfl Strasoli (Stara Sól-ed.), near Lemberg, Galicia, to wealthy parents, land owners, according to actor Julius Gutman, [and] the father was a lumber merchant.

According to her autobiography, her father was descended from R' Meir Premishlander, and her mother (Sheyndl Risa Titl) from the Ropshitser race/breed. She became an orphan at age ten, when she became taken in by an aunt in Tarnow, an owner of a restaurant, during the guest appearance of the Yiddish troupe under the direction of Kalmen Juvelier. She was introduced to the business manager and stage director Moshe Shoyder with whom she wed (he passed away in 1909 in Kolomea, and she went away win the troupe to Romania. Here she went over to Avraham Akselrad's troupe, where she debuted as "Shtubmeydl" in Goldfaden's "La skhmud", and, with the encouragement of the regisseur Itsikl Goldenburg, she soon began to act in dramatic and grand-dame roles. She acted for several years under various directors across Romania, Bukovina, Galicia and Germany. In 1910 she again married, a circus director. Not contented with married life, she opened a coffee house in Kolomea, and withdrew from the theatre.

Having relatives in America, and many performers who came from Galicia, in January 1911 she traveled to America, where she performed as the "tsmkhte" in Rakov's "Der btln", and "Dora" by Shliferstein. After acting in New York and in the province, went


out in October 1913 to Argentina, where she performed in Buenos Aires in "Chanele the Seamstress" and "Chasia the Orphan" (with Perlman, Tsukerman, Lager and Gutentag), and went over (for six months) to the troupe, where she acted with the guest-starring M. D. Vaksman and Max Breen, and then traveled due to family conditions, to Constantinople, where she participated in two productions with "amateurs", went to Romania, where she acted for two months under the direction of Adlf Segal, then across Hungary, Austria, where she was in several productions until she returned to Galicia. Acting in the role of "Zelda" in Gordin's "Der vilder mentsh (The Wild Man)" in Snyatin, she became ill in the middle of a production, and she had to be taken to a hospital, from where she emerged an invalid, and so she went with a cane to Kolomea, where she opened a small coffee house. In 1916 she to Kolomea to rest, and she barely began her life in Vienna (Austria), where she stayed for two months, and she returned to Lemberg to her family. Initially in 1918 she again returned to Kolomea, and didn't find any of her assets, and she became a partner in a local coffee house. In 1919 she brought to Kolomea a Yiddish troupe with whom she performed and traveled with them until she came in February 1919 to Proskurov during the large pogrom, organized by Petluran. S. was wounded and soon returned after several weeks sick, to Kolomea, where in 1921 she continued to act in Yiddish theatre. After her marriage to a local mechanic, David Kroythamer, she withdrew from the stage.

Julius Gutman remembered her as a mother- and grand-dame-role player in the troupes of Tanentsap and Ber Hart across the Galician province.

Sh. E. and M. E. from Julius Gutman.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 6, page 4947.

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