Lives in the Yiddish Theatre


Moshe Shveylikh


Born on 21 December 1910 in Vilna, Polish Lithuania. Father -- a furrier. Still in the Yiddish folkshul, that he had completed, he manifested a strong interest for the theatre. He participated in the children's productions, and then with amateurs. Influenced by the productions of the "Vilna Troupe", he went to Warsaw in 1929 where he joined in the Yiddish theatre studio et al of Dr. M. Weichert, which was later transformed into Warsaw's "Yung Theatre", where Sh. acted as "Der rikhter" in Upton Sinclair's "Boston", "Der alter geger" and L. Mlakh's "Mississippi", "Der balebos" in Goldfaden-Brand's "Trupe tanentsap", "Der yungermantshik" in Jacob Preger's "Simkha plakhte", and later entered into the "Teater far yugnt" et al, for Clara Segalovitsh, where he acted as "R' Avraamtshe" in Itsik Manger-Goldfaden's "Di kishuf-makherin".

Sh. also had worked in Vilna's marionette theatre "Meydem", and was one of the founders of the revue theatre "Dvka".

Sh. wrote the program for a small-arts production with Buzgan, Bozyk and Landau, and in 1940 he acted with the troupe of Kadish-Khash.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Sh. was found in Pinsk, where he had acted in the newly founded Jewish State Theatre, but soon thereafter, after the Nazi invasion of Soviet Russia, Sh. started her itinerant ways, that led him into the ranks of the Polish army, where he participated in many battles, dergeyendik until Dresden.

In 1946 Sh. returned to Poland and entered into a newly createtd Yiddish theatre in Nider-Shlezien. Here he performed as "Avraham -Yakov" in Hirshbein's "Griner felder", 'Shmuel-Shimkha" in Hirshbein's "Shmids tekhter", "Siomke" in Sholem Aleichem's "Der blutiker shpas", and "Mordechai" in Chaim Slove's "Hmns mplh". Since the Jewish state theatre went to Warsaw, Sh. was therein associated with it, and went on a tour with the troupe across Western and Eastern Europe, the land of Israel, and South and North America. In that theatre Sh. created the role of "Shimele soroker" in Sholem Aleichem's "Dos groyse gevins", "Ershter hotsmakh" in "A goldfaden-khlum", "Der teper" in "Monsera" by Robles, "Nechumtse" in Gordin's "Mirele efros", "Kalman shadchen" and the "other Kuni Lemel" in Goldfaden's "Beyde kuni lemel", "R' Shabtai" in Lateiner-Broderzon's "Sarah sheyndl fun yehupets", "R' Meir" in "Sender Blank", from Sholem Aleichem, "La flesh" in Moliere's "Der Karger (The Miser)", "Yosele babtses" in Bergelson's "Di broyt mil", "Pdhtsur" in Sholem Aleichem's "Tuviya der milkhiger".

Sh. wrote the program for a small-arts production "Di bobe dertseylt", and dramatized, together with Itzhak Dagim, "Di troymer fun kabtsansk", according to work by Mendele  (in which he wrote the role of "Senderl di yidene"), and together with Ch. Buzgan, "13 feslekh dukatn", according to Sholem Aleichem's "Goldgreber (Golddiggers)" and "Funes yarid", which was staged in Warsaw's Jewish State Theatre.

Sh. E.

  • M. Sh. -- Moshe shveylikh -- 50 yor alt, "Folksshtime", Warsaw, 24 December 1960.

  • Z -- Moshe shveylikh -- A bn khmishim, "Yidishe shriftn", Warsaw, January 1961.






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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 6, page 5029.

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