The Synagogues of Europe

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Below you will find a series of postcards that depict various synagogues that currently or once stood in Europe. Most of these photographs have been purchased, taken, or otherwise obtained by those visiting these towns and cities, and they have been subsequently submitted to the Museum to be placed online.  Some of these synagogues might still be extant, i.e. still being used as synagogues, but others lay abandoned and perhaps in a state of disrepair, or are currently being used for other purposes. Some have been restored.

Current town names are used to indicate the location of each synagogue.

The Museum welcomes further submissions, as this exhibition is forever ongoing and evolving. Please include the name of the country, town/city, synagogue (if known), and the month and year the photo was taken.

Please click on the thumbnail photos to see the enlarged versions.
NOVI SAD, SERBIA (1915-rt. photo)

This synagogue was the fifth to be built at this location since the eighteenth century. Construction of the fifth synagogue began in 1905 and was completed four years later. The synagogue was attached to other buildings that housed the Jewish community offices, residences for synagogue officials, as well as a Jewish school. The synagogue was located on Jevrejska (Jewish) Street, not far from the center of the city. At the time the synagogue was built, Novi Sad was considered to be part of Hungary, and the town was called Újvidék.

In 1944, during World War II, Jews from the city who were arrested were held there, eventually being transported to Nazi concentration camps. During the war, the synagogue was only slightly damaged. After the war, the synagogue served as the center of Jewish revitalization in the city.

Due to the dwindling Jewish population in the town, the synagogue was leased to the city in 1991 for twenty-five years. The city now holds events such as concerts there, due to its excellent acoustics. However, the Jewish community is still able to use the synagogue whenever it needs to, e.g. for holiday services.
Was Szabadka, Hungary c. 1900 and Subotica, Yugoslavia c. 1930.

From Wikipedia:
"The Subotica Synagogue is a remarkable Hungarian Art Nouveau synagogue in Subotica, Serbia. It was built in 1901-1902 under the Hungarian Kingdom, replacing a smaller and less elaborate synagogue. It is one of the finest surviving pieces of religious architecture in the art nouveau style.

In 1974 the synagogue was designated a Monument of Culture in 1974; in 1990 it was designated a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia."









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