The Synagogues of Europe
 Poland L to P

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Below you will find a series of postcards that depict various synagogues that currently or once stood in Europe. Most of these photographs have been purchased, taken, or otherwise obtained by those visiting these towns and cities, and they have been subsequently submitted to the Museum to be placed online.  Some of these synagogues might still be extant, i.e. still being used as synagogues, but others lay abandoned and perhaps in a state of disrepair, or are currently being used for other purposes. Some have been restored.

Current town names are used to indicate the location of each synagogue.

The Museum welcomes further submissions, as this exhibition is forever ongoing and evolving. Please include the name of the country, town/city, synagogue (if known), and the month and year the photo was taken.

Please click on the thumbnail photos to see the enlarged versions.

Wooden synagogue.

The Lancut synagogue survived World War II and subsequently was used as a store.
It has since been restored and is currently being used as a museum. It is richly decorated.

During World War II, the Jews of Lancut were either sent to Russia or were killed by the Germans.

Łęczyca, POLAND (1900)  

From Wikipedia:

"The synagogue was built during the years 1626-1654.During the Second World War the interior was devastated by the Germans. For almost two decades after the war, it was neglected. It was renovated in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Since 1995, it has housed the Museum of Galician Jews. "

28 ul. Revolucji 1905 (once ul. Poludniowa 28)

Only surviving synagogue in the city.

Ezras Israel Synagogue
ul. Wolczanska 6

From Wikipedia.
"Ezras Izrael Synagogue, also known as the Wolynska shul for its location at ul. Wolczanska 6... It was built in 1899-1904 by Jewish merchants who had come to Łódź from Lithuania and Belarus.The architect was Gustaw Landau-Gutenteger. The synagogue was burnt down by Nazis on November 11, 1939."

Great Synagogue of Łódź
ul. Spacerowa (now Al. Kosciuszko 2)

The Great Synagogue of Łódź, Poland
was built in 1881, designed by Adolf Wolff and paid mostly by local industrialists. The synagogue was burnt down by the Nazis in November 1939 and dismantled in 1940.

From Wikipedia.
The Lomza synagogue was built cir 1879 and was destroyed by the Germans during World War II.

Łowicz, POLAND

The synagogue, built in 1877 on Zdunska Street, was totally destroyed during World war II.

Great Maharsal Synagogue

A footstone denoting the Great Maharsal Synagogue of Lublin. "This monument was funded by the city of Lublin and the Organization of Lublin in Israel."
Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva

From Wikipedia.

"The synagogue in Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva is a synagogue  located in Lublin, Poland, in the building of Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva, on Lubartowska 85 (originally 57) Street.

The synagogue was completed in 1930 along with the rest of the complex of the Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva. Apart from religious functions, it was used as a lecture hall for the yeshiva., having been able to seat over 200 students. During the Second World War, the building was vandalized by the Nazis, and all of the contents were damaged or dispersed."

MOSINA, POLAND (2006 Lt.; cir. 1900 Rt.)

Wooden synagogue.

The Nasielsk synagogue dates back from the end of the seventeenth century. It was torn down in 1880 due to its poor condition.

Rt. photo: Wooden synagogue, cir 1870. 

Nowy Sącz, Poland
Grodzka Synagogue
ul. Berka Joselewicza 12

Built in 1780, the Grodzka Synagogue was destroyed in 1894 by fire, but was later restored. However, during WWII, the Nazis converted the synagogue into a storehouse.

Today, the synagogue is used to display the works of local artists.
Photos from Shmuel ben Eliezer.

New Synagogue
Was Oppeln, Germany before WWII.

From Wikipedia.

"New Synagogue was a synagogue in Oppeln, Germany (today Opole, Poland). It was built in 1893-1897, designed by Felix Henry. During the Kristallnacht on 9-10 November 1938 Nazis forced Rabbi Hans Hirschberg to setting the building on fire."

photo right: Castle Lake "Ice House" and the synagogue, cir 1915

Ostrów Wielkopolski, Poland (1914)
Was known as Ostrów, Poland before WWII.

photo, left: Fr0m private collection.

photo, right: From Wikipedia. Aron Kodesh in the new synagogue in Ostrow wlkp. Before WWII devastation.

Oświęcim, POLAND (2007)
Chevra Lomdei Mishnayot
Jan Skarbek Square

Building completed in 1918. Now part of Auschwitz Jewish Center.

From Wikipedia.

Photos right courtesy of Shmuel ben Eliezer.

Ożarów, POLAND (1939)
"Note the metal-clad roof and the arched windows. The building was erected after the previous synagogue was razed in 1915. It is constructed of cement and still stands, although the arches of the windows have been closed in and the roof flattened. It is now used as a plumbing supply store, having been a cinema before that." --
from "Memories of Ozarow: A Little Jewish Town That Was" by Hillel Adler.
Parzęczew, Poland (1928) PC

Wooden synagogue. "On the depths of the building fire."

Wooden synagogue.
Pińczów, Poland (2006 Lt.; 1930 Rt.)

From Wikipedia:

"It is one of oldest synagogues in Poland, built in 1594-1609. The designer was probably the Florentian Santi Gucci During World War II it was vandalized by the Nazi Germans, then damaged during fighting in 1944, and it is inactive since then. From the 1970s it has been restored."
Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland
The Great Synagogue

This Orthodox synagogue was built between 1791 and 1793 and was devastated by the German army during World War II. After the war the synagogue was repaired and currently serves a s a library.

Photo right: synagogue; memorial to former synagogue. From Shmuel Ben Eliezer.

PLONSK, POLAND (bef 1957)*

The synagogue dates back to cir 1670 and was taken apart in 1956.



Poznań, POLAND
The New Synagogue

Photos right courtesy of Shmuel ben Eliezer.



"The Germans converted it to a public swimming pool which it remains today."

Photos bottom left and right courtesy of Shmuel ben Eliezer.

The synagogue was built towards the end of the nineteenth century and was destroyed by the Germans in 1939
Przedbórz, Poland (1910) PC

Wooden synagogue.

Przemyśl, Poland (2007)
Zasanie Synagogue
Plac Unii Brzeskiej 6

Built 1892-1909.
It is one of the two remaining synagogue buildings in this town.

From Wikipedia, which states about this synagogue:

"In 1939 when the area fell under Nazi occupation it was turned into a temporary power station. After the war the building was used as a garage, first for buses and then for ambulances.

In 1994 attempts were made to purchase the building and convert it into an art gallery and center for the artists of Przemyśl. The building would be named after a famous Przemyśl Jewish artist and include a permanent exhibit commemorating the contributions of the Jews of Przemyśl, their history and display photographs and accounts of the Holocaust.  However in 2005 it was bought by private local businessman Robert Błażkowski. Currently the building remains wrecked, closed and abandoned."

Przemyśl, Poland (2007)
New (Scheinbach) Synagogue
Juliusza Słowackiego 15

From Wikipedia, which states:

The Przemyśl New Synagogue, also known as the Scheinbach Synagogue, was an orthodox synagogue.... Since World War II, the synagogue, which is still standing, has been used as the Ignacy Krasicki Przemyśl Public Library.

The synagogue was used as a stable by the German army during World War II, then used as a textile factory under the Communist post-War government before being turned into a library in the 1960s.

Construction 1910-1918.

PrzeWORSK, Poland (1910) PC

Synagogue complex.

PULTUSK, POLAND (bef 1970)*
The synagogue, once located at 18 Kotlarska Street, was built in 1875 and torn down after 1970.
Piotrków Trybunalski (2007)
Was Piotrków, Poland before WWII.

Great Synagogue

From Wikipedia: "The Great Synagogue was built between 1791-1793 and was designed by David Friedlander. The synagogue was devastated by the Nazis during World War II. After the war, the building was renovated and now serves as a library."

*--Photo edited in 2002 by Wydawnictwo Mazowieckie, Przasnysz and prepared by Mariusz Bondarczuk and Artur K.F. Wolosz.

PC - from private collection.







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